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About this Item: Folio (351 x 211 mm [Papierformat]). Titel innerhalb breiter Kupferstichbordüre. Mit 675 Pflanzenholzschnitten im mit vielen griechischen Passagen gedruckten, zweispaltigen Text. [10] Bl., 1187 S., [44] Bl. Index. Pergamentband d. Z. mit hs. Rückentitel (eingerissenes Vordergelenk restauriert). Amsterdam, (Joost Broersz für) Hendrick Laurensz, 1644. Erste illustrierte Ausgabe der um das Jahr 300 v. Chr. verfassten Historia plantarum von Theophrast von Eresus auf Lesbos, dessen Leben sich mit dem von Aristoteles, seinem Lehrer und Freund, vielfach kreuzte. Als Höhepunkt griechischer Pflanzenkenntnisse wurde das Werk erstmals 1483 in Treviso in der lateinischen Uebertragung durch Theodorus Gaza und 1495-98 in Venedig auf Griechisch gedruckt. Nach Abschluss seines Studiums unternahm es der junge Amsterdamer Arzt Jan Bode van Stapel, eine auf Gazas lateinischem Text fussende kommentierte Ausgabe von Theophrasts botanischem Werk für den Druck vorzubereiten. Vom Leidener Arzt Otto van Heurn (1577-1652) erhielt Bode bebilderte Beschreibungen afrikanischer Pflanzen, die dessen Bruder Justus van Heurn (1578-1652) während eines Aufenthalts in Südafrika angefertigt und ihm dann aus Fernost zugesandt hatte. Die von Bode als 'Fritillaria crassa' bezeichnete, in der Umgebung von Kapstadt wachsende, staudenartige sukkulente Pflanze (und deren Gattung) wurde später nach Jan Bode van Stapel 'Stapelia' benannt. Die Drucklegung des Manuskripts, das auch bereits erschienene Kommentare des italienischen Naturforschers Julius Caesar Scaliger (i.e. Giulio Cesare della Scala, 1484-1558) und des französischen Arztes Robert Constantin (1530-1605) enthielt, verzögerte sich durch den unerwartet frühen Tod Bodes. Vollendet wurde es schliesslich vom Vater des Bearbeiters, dem Arzt Egbert Bode van Stapel, dessen Freund, der Jurist Johannes Arnoldsz Ravens (alias Corvinus) ein Vorwort beisteuerte. Nur ein kleiner Teil der rund 675 im griechisch-lateinischen Text verstreuten Pflanzenholzschnitte wurden speziell für diese Edition geschnitten, die allermeisten der ca. 12 x 8 cm grossen Darstellungen wurden aus früher erschienenen Kräuterbüchern entlehnt. - Minime Bräunung und gelegentliche Wasserflecken im Rand, ein vorzügliches und komplettes Exemplar. Hs. Name auf Vorsatz des Arztes Johann Garmers (1628-1700), datiert 1658 und im Fusssteg des Titels von Johann Albert Fabricius (1668-1736), bedeutender Philologe und Bibliograph, von dessen Hand auch die teilweise extensiven Anmerkungen im Index und auf dem hinteren Vorsatz stammen. Hunt 240 ("one of the best and most thoughtfully prepared of all the editions of Theophrastos"); Johnston, The Cleveland Herbal, Botanical, and Horticultural Collections (1992), 204; Pritzel 9197; Burdet, Ouvrages botaniques anciens (1985), 160. First illustrated edition of the Historia Plantarum, written around 300 B.C. by Theophrastus, Aristotle's friend and collaborator from Lesbos. The summit of Greek knowledge on botany was printed first in the Latin translation of Theodorus Gaza at Traviso in 1483 and in Greek at Venice in 1495-96. Soon after his graduation in 1625 the Amsterdam physician and botanist Jan Bode van Stapel started to prepare an edition of Theophrast's text with valuable comments and based on Gaza's version. He received illustrated descriptions of African plants by Otto van Heurn in Leiden whose brother Justus van Heurn (Heurnius, 1578-1652) had collected during his short stay in South Africa and had sent him from the East Indies. Only eight years after the sudden death of Jan Bode the manuscript - which also includes earlier published commentaries by the Italian naturalist Giulio della Scala or Scaliger (1484-1558) and the French physician Robert Constantin (1530-1605) - was finished for printing by the editor's father, the physician Egbert Bode van Stapel. His friend the jurist Johannes Arnoldsz Ravens (alias Corvinus) wrote the preface. Only few of the 675 woodcuts in the text were original cuts most of them h. Seller Inventory # B350542

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Rariorum Plantarum Historia.: L'ECLUSE, Charles de

L'ECLUSE, Charles de (1526-1609)]. CLUSIUS, Carolus.

Published by Antwerp: J. Moretus, 1601. (1601)

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From: Arader Galleries - Aradernyc (New York, NY, U.S.A.)

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About this Item: Antwerp: J. Moretus, 1601., 1601. Folio (13 4/8 x 8 4/8 inches). 2 letterpress sectional title-pages (without letterpress general title-page). Engraved general title-page (remargined), numerous woodcut illustrations in text, tail-pieces and initials. 18th-century mottled calf, the spine in seven compartments with six raised bands, red morocco lettering-piece in one, the others decorated with fine gilt tools (lower corner of front cover with early repair, extremities a bit scuffed, but ATTRACTIVE). Provenance: with the contemporary ownership inscription of "Pietre" on the title-page; an early inscription obscured at the margin at the head of the title-page. First collected edition, with preliminary leaves closely conforming to the Arents copy which is also lacking the letterpress title-page: Engraved title, *2-3, [*4 -6], without dedication leaf and with the original "Privilegium" [a cancel in the Hunt copy], and without the "Altera Appendix". The first volume of the collected works of Clusius, not completed until 1605 with the publication of the "Exoticoru". With the first edition of the "Fungorum historia", the first published monograph on fungi; it "makes good the claim that de l'Ecluse should be honoured as the founder of mycology" (Arber). Nissen notes that the manuscript containing the original drawings of this section was mislaid in the Plantin printing house before the printing of this volume. When they were eventually recovered Fr. van Sterbeeck used them for his "Theatrum fungorum" (1675), often mistakenly referred to as the first book on fungi. "Again and again, in attempting to ascertain the correct application of names given by Linnaeus, the inquirer is lead back to L'Ecluse's work, which can be described as the starting point of our modern knowledge for many genera. His description and the associated illustrations thus help to typify the species of later authors. Moreover his enthusiastic cultivation of foreign plants, particularly those from Turkey and the Levant, prepared the way for the splendid gardens of seventeenth century France, Germany, Austrai, Flanders and Holland; and his introduction of the potato to the Low Countries rendered no less a service to their food. His death in 1609 is commemorated in the felicitous epitaph: When Clusius knew each plant Earth's bosom yields, He went a-simpling in the Elysian fields" (Blunt and Stearn The Art of Botanical Illustration p.82). Hunt 180; Nissen BBI 372; Stafleu & Cowan TL2 1149; Wellcome I 1511. Catalogued by Kate Hunter. Seller Inventory # 000178

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RARIORUM PLANTARUM HISTORIA. CAROLI CLVSI ATREBATIS IMPP.: CLUSIUS, CAROLUS

CLUSIUS, CAROLUS

Published by Plantiniana, Amberes (1601)

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About this Item: Plantiniana, Amberes, 1601. Tapa dura. Condition: Bien. 1 Edición. Materia: Libro antiguo del siglo XVII sobre botánica con grabados. Publicación:Antuerpiae, Ex officina Plantiniana Apud Ioannem Moretum, 1601. Primera edición. Descripción física:Folio (35 cm.) Portada (frontis), 5 hojas, 364 páginas, CCCXLVIII páginas, 6 hojas. Encuadernación plena piel de época con nervios, tejuelo y dorados en el lomo. Conservación:Muy buen estado, revisado completo. Carolus Clusius:(18 de febrero de 1525, Arras - 4 de abril de 1609, Leiden), fue un médico, micólogo y botánico flamenco, quizá el científico y horticultor más influyente del siglo XVI. Clusius fue sin duda el primer botánico en hacer descripciones científicas. También fue el primero en describir numerosas especies como el jazmín, el castaño o las aralias. También se interesó por el champiñón. Notas:Rariorum plantarum historia (1601) es la primera edición de las obras completas del prestigioso botánico francés Carolus Clusius (1526-1609). Clusius fue uno de los botánicos más afamados de su tiempo, el Emperador Maximiliano II le confió la dirección de su jardín botánico y en 1593 se le concedió la Cátedra de Botánica de la Universidad de Leiden. Además de ser un excelente botánico, fue un eximio horticultor: introdujo la papa en Italia y el tulipán en Holanda. En la primera parte de Rariorum plantarum historia Clusius sintetiza el material presentado en sus obras Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Pannoniam et Austriam Observatarum Historia (1583) y Rariorum aliquot stirpium per Hispanias (1576), en las que describe las floras de Austria y España, conjuntamente con las descripciones de nuevas plantas. Esta primera parte se continua con Fungorum historia, el primer tratado publicado acerca de los hongos, el cual fue escrito por Clusius durante su estancia en Hungría. La obra se halla profusamente ilustrada con casi 1200 grabados en madera, los cuales incluyen 233 especies de España y 356 de Austría y Hungría. Los grabados en madera fueron cortados por Gerard van Kampen sobre los dibujos realizados por el propio Clusius y por Pieter van der Borcht. PSSS1. Seller Inventory # L2644

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De historia plantarum libri decem. Graecè &: THEOPHRASTUS ERESII. -

About this Item: Amsterdam, Heinric Laurentius, 1644. Folio. Contemporary full vellum with neat later (19th century) rebacking. Six raised bands and gilt title to spine. Some wear to extremities. Internally a fresh and clean copy with only a bit of occasional brownspotting. Endpapers with a bit of soiling. 2 bookplates to inside of front board: Gilbert Redgrave, London (dated 1894) & Gorden M. Jones, Virginia. Text in Greek and Latin. Woodcut title-page, numerous woodcut intials throughout, and more than 600 woodcut illustrations in the text. (20), 1187, (1), (88 - Index) pp. First edition thus, being the most important and influential edition of Theophrastus' seminal work "Enquiry into Plants" - the first systematization of the botanical world and the most important contribution to botanical science up until the Renaissance. Bodaeus von Stapel's groundbreaking edition constitutes the first illustrated edition of Theophrastus' masterpiece as well as the first with both Greek and Latin text. Furthermore, von Stapel has not only collected all relevant commentaries and knowledge, he has also added corrections and much foundational information, turning the work into one of the most influential botanical works of the 17th century, profoundly influencing the likes of Linnaeus and contributing significantly to the development of modern scientific botany. "This edition displays great care and research; the notes are numerous and learned, and all botanical information to be gleaned from Aristotle, Pliny, Dioscorides, and other ancient writers, seems to be embodied in this work. The Greek text is Heinsius's; the Latin version is that of the editor, who has placed Gaza's in the margin, with frequent corrections. The conjectures of Scaliger, Constantine, and Salmasius, are also incorporated. it has collected into one body the opinions of the old writers on the subject of the PLANTS. It contains some wood-cuts of the rarer species, which are much better uncoloured than coloured." Dibdin II:498). The numerous woodcut plant illustrations were partly copied from other sources and partly made especially for this edition. Thus, apart from being "one of the best and most thoughtfully prepared of all the editions of Theophrastos" (Hunt), our editor has also made original contributions that are of great importance. "It is interesting not only because of the brilliance of the editing, but, curiously enough, to the American botanist as well, for involving in the discussion certain species from Virginia, other parts of the New World, and Asia. The illustrations of these plants have been largely overlooked in botanical history, because of their incidental presence in a work which might not be expected to contain anything of the sort. Some were merely borrowed from l'Ecluse or de Lobel, but others seem original in this work" (H.H. Bartlett: Fifty-five Rare Books - quoted by Hunt).At the height of the Renaissance, with the expansion of the known world and the spreading of the book due to the invention of the printing press, many new publications on plants appeared. Most of these publications, however, were primarily concerned with the medicinal qualities of individual plants and only few authors or editors took an interest in the general nature of the plants and how they could systematically be classified. One of the few exceptions was Bodaeus von Stapel. With his seminal 1644 edition of "Historia Plantarum", he focused on the overarching classification system of plants and took Theophrastus' work a step further, adding essential commentaries and illustrations - illustrations that were to be copied for centuries after. These illustrations remain the standard illustrations of Theophrastus' foundational work. This edition of Theophrastus' "Historia Plantarum" became the standard edition of that earliest work on systematic botany and the edition that all serious scientific botanists of the 17th and 18th centuries will have studied. "Linnaeus, in the practice of his favouri. Seller Inventory # 50986

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Historia Plantarum Rariorum. Centuriae primae Decas 1-4: MARTYN, J.

MARTYN, J.

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From: Antiquariaat Junk (Amsterdam, Netherlands)

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About this Item: London, R. Reily, 1728 (-1737?). Folio (515 x 355 mm). pp. (6), iv, 42, including the engraved dedication leaf to the Royal Society, title printed in black and red, large engraved and mezzotint headpiece and initial printed in black and green at the opening of the preface, 40 mezzotint plates printed in colours and finished by hand, engraved by Elisha Kirkall after paintings by Jacob Van Huysum, Massey and G. Sartorys. Contemporary calf, later rebacked spine with red gilt lettered label. A fine copy of the first 4 parts without the final part with 10 more plates. It is the first botanical book illustrated with colour-printed plates. It is devoted to new species growing at the Chelsea Physic Garden and the Cambidge Botanic Garden. 'The work is of particular interest as it contains some of the earliest examples of colour-printing from a single metal plate. These plates were executed by Kirkall in a mixture of line engraving - for the titles and the coat of arms of the dedications - etchings, and mezzotinting. Many of the prints in the 'Historia' are printed in green but some are printed in two or more colours from a single plate at one impression. All were afterwards touched by hand' (Henrey II, p. 53). 30 of the fine plates are after Jacob van Huysum, a flower painter born at Amsterdam. He worked in England from about 1721 and was the brother of the famous Dutch flower painter Jan van Huysum. Each plate is dedicated to a patron-subscriber with an engraved coat-of-arms or monogram.The plates depict plants from Cape of Good Hope (a few Pelargosiums and a Mesem), North America and the West Indies.Great Flower Books, p. 118; Nissen BBI, 1289; Dunthorne 193.; Gunn & Codd, Botanical Exploration of Southern Africa, 63. Seller Inventory # 5959

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Rariorum plantarum Historia. Antwerp, Officina Plantiniana apud: CLUSIUS, C.

About this Item: Leiden, Officina Plantiniana, Franciscus Raphelingius the younger, 1605. Folio. pp. (xvi), 378, (10); 52; (xii), 242, (2), with engraved title, two woodcut maps of the Hellespont and Alexandria, and 275 woodcuts in text (96 non-botanical). (Together with:) CLUSIUS, C. Curae posteriores, seu plurimarum non ante cognitarum. Leiden, ex officina Plantiniana Raphelengii, 1611. pp. (6), 71, 24, with engraved title and 34 woodcuts. Bound in 2 contemporary mottled calf bindings, richly gilt ornamented spines with gilt lettered labels (some minor skilful repairs). First edition of the two volumes of L'Écluse's collected works, including the rare portrait in the Rariorum, which is almost always lacking.I. First edition. The first part of the work synthesises material presented in L'Écluse's 'Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Pannoniam et Austriam Observatarum Historia', Antwerp 1583 and his 'Rariorum aliquot Stirpium per Hispanias.' Antwerp 1576, along with additions describing new plants. It is followed by the 'Fungorum historia', the first published treatise on fungi, which L'Écluse had composed during his stay with the Count of Batthyam in Hungary, Giovanni Pona's 'Plantae quae in Baldo Monte reperiuntur', and letters of Honorius Belli and Tobias Roelsius. Approximately one hundred new species are described for the first time.The engraved title has a fine architectural border with representations of Adam and Solomon, and Theophrastus and Dioscorides, surrounded by pots of exotic plants, such as lilies and tulips (the latter were introduced into European cultivation by L'Écluse). The portrait, signed D. Gheyn, depicts L'Écluse in an oval cartouche incorporating a coat-of-arms and surrounded by pots of tulips, lilies, fritillaries, etc., two winged Naiads emerging from cornucopiae overflowing with plants, tiaras of sea-urchins on their heads, nuts, seeds, and corals strewn below.Of the 1109 woodcuts, 233 are from the Spanish flora and 356 from the Austro-Hungarian flora, and were cut by Gerard van Kampen after drawings by L'Écluse and Pieter van der Borcht. The remaining blocks were cut by the son of Virgil Solis in Frankfurt.II. First edition of the sequel to the author's 'Rariorum plantarum historia', 1601, containing further works not published in the former, and mostly devoted to exotic plants and animals. The first six books, Libri I-VI, are new writings by L'Écluse, devoted to new species of plants, animals, and natural history products from the New World, Southeast Asia, Africa, etc. This work is important for the number of new descriptions of non-European plants (and some animals) it contains, among which is the first published record and illustration of a South African plant. 'It is of particular importance to us in containing an illustration of a dried inflorescence of Protea neriifolia. Clusius provided a full description of the specimen, which he referred to as an 'elegant thistle' (Carduus), and reported that it was collected at Antongil Bay on the north-east coast of Madagascar during a Dutch trading expedition to Java in 1597. The locality recorded was clearly incorrect and there can be no doubt that the specimen must have been picked up during a call for fresh water somewhere along the Cape coast. It has the distinction of being the first known botanical object to have reached Europe from South Africa' (Todd and Gunn, Botanical exploration of South Africa p. 13).There is an extensive account of exotic seeds sent to him by various explorers. Libri VII-X comprise L' Écluse's translations, with commentary, of da Orta, Acosta, and Monardes. This is followed by further works by Monardes translated by L'Écluse, entitled 'Libri tres, magna medicina secreta et varia experimenta continentes' (on the bezoar stone, iron, snow, etc), 'Libellus de rosa' and 'Dissertatiuncula de citriis'. This is followed by the 'Altera appendix', intended as a supplement to the 'Rariorum plantarum historiae', and L'Écluse's translations of and commentar. Seller Inventory # 8544

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