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A bryef [and] short declaracyon made, wherbye euerye chrysten man maye knowe, what is a sacrament. Of what partes a sacramente consysteth and is made, for what intent sacramentes were instituted, and what is the pryncypall effect of sacramentes, [and] finally of the abus of the sacrament of chrystes body and bloud

Tracy, Richard (before 1501-1569)

Published by By Robert Stoughton dwellynge wythin Ludgate. at the sygne of the Bysshoppes Myter, 10 Nov., London:, 1548
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From Liber Antiquus Early Books & Manuscripts (Chevy Chase, MD, U.S.A.)

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Octavo: 64 lvs. Collation: [A]-B8 (final blank B8 present) An Early English Protestant Urges the Reform of the Mass Richard Tracy was an early and vigorous religious activist for Protestantism in England. He enjoyed Cromwell?s favor and ?worked closely with Bishop Latimer in the dissolution of the local monasteries; in 1538, when the blood of Hailes was declared to be fraudulent [the commission found it to be ?honey clarified and coloured with saffron?] the relic was left in Tracy's custody. Latimer wrote to Cromwell that he wished there were many more like Tracy??Tracy published numerous tracts urging Protestant reform. ?In 1540 he published a translation of a Latin work by John Frith, and in 1543 a pamphlet of his own on justification by faith. His ?Supplycacion? of 1544, too controversial to be printed in England, combined a demand for doctrinal reform with one for the reform of the Commonwealth; these were themes he had first explored in an unpublished tract in the 1530s? After the death of Henry VIII, Tracy became more outspoken.?(Alec Ryrie, ODNB)Tracy, Luther, & The MassTracy?s view of the mass is derived from Luther and Melanchthon. In the ?Babylonian Captivity of the Church? Luther designated the withdrawal of the cup the first tyranny, and called transubstantiation "a figment of human opinion destitute of support from Scripture or reason. This is the second tyranny. The third tyranny is to regard the mass as a good work or sacrifice." He said further: "It is a manifest and impious error to offer or to apply the mass for sins, for satisfactions for the dead, for any necessities of ourselves or of others.??Tracy?s own work on the mass, the ?short declaracyon?, is dated 10 November 1548, just preceding the publication of the first prayer book. Tracy? explains that the sacraments are signs, differing from other signs in having a promise annexed to them, the effect of which is comfort, as the receivers ?believe Christ?s body and blood to be slain and shed for the remission of their sins. And thus they eat Christ?s flesh and drink his blood.?? Tracy then proceeds to enumerate the abuses. He writes that because the words are ?secret? and in Latin, and so are not understood, ?therefore the clergy administer no sacrament to the people, for it is the words of Christ?s institution pronounced and declared in the administration of the visible substance that cause it to be a sacrament.??(Church Quarterly Review, Vol. 35, pp. 1891-2)Following Luther, Tracy stresses that the mass must not be regarded as a good work or sacrifice, ?for there is nothing more contrary to the remission of sins freely given by grace.? The Lord?s Supper is to be understood as a memorial of Christ?s sacrifice on the cross, which is the only act through which we receive salvation? ?Thus it comes to pass that the use of the sacrament only serveth the covetous appetite, drunkenness, whoredom, and lusts of the wicked priests.?In the year that the ?Declaracyon? was published, Tracy?s relationship ?with Edward VI's protectorate regime was uncomfortable. Although he sat on the Chantries Act commission for Gloucestershire, he was removed from the commission of the peace in 1548, and from May 1551 to November 1552 he was imprisoned in the Tower, after an obscure incident in which he sent a ?seditious lettre and a lewde message??presumably one derogatory to the duke of Northumberland?to his friend Robert Keilway, MP for Bristol. In Mary's reign he remained in England, and although he was summoned before the privy council twice in 1555 for having ?behaved himself verye stubburnely? in religious matters, both times he submitted (APC, 1554?6, 181)??Tracy's fortunes revived with Elizabeth's accession. From 1559 to his death he sat on the commission of the peace for Gloucestershire, and he was sheriff in 1560?61. However, his commitment to religious reform could still be obstinate. He preached weekly in Stanway church for a year early in the reign, in violation of the rub. Bookseller Inventory # 2622D

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Bibliographic Details

Title: A bryef [and] short declaracyon made, ...

Publisher: By Robert Stoughton dwellynge wythin Ludgate. at the sygne of the Bysshoppes Myter, 10 Nov., London:

Publication Date: 1548

Binding: Hardcover

Edition: SOLE EDITION..

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