Stock Image

A history of Outokumpu

Markku Kuisma

1 ratings by Goodreads
ISBN 10: 9529507003 / ISBN 13: 9789529507009
Published by Gummerus, 1989
Condition: Good Hardcover
From Books Express (Portsmouth, NH, U.S.A.)

AbeBooks Seller Since August 14, 2015 Seller Rating 5-star rating

Quantity Available: 1

Buy Used
Price: US$ 85.97 Convert Currency
Shipping: Free Within U.S.A. Destination, rates & speeds
Add to basket

30 Day Return Policy

About this Item

Ships with Tracking Number! INTERNATIONAL WORLDWIDE Shipping available. May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. May be ex-library. Shipping & Handling by region. Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Bookseller Inventory # 9529507003

Ask Seller a Question

Bibliographic Details

Title: A history of Outokumpu

Publisher: Gummerus

Publication Date: 1989

Binding: Hardcover

Book Condition:Good

About this title


Outokumpu's mining operations were small-scale in the early years, but once the ownership was transferred to the Finnish State in 1925, new opportunities opened up. A modern electric smelting plant was built in Imatra in 1935. The company built a metal works in Pori to refine raw copper and manufacture semi-finished products. During the war, the smelter in Imatra was moved to Harjavalta in 1944. With new ore discoveries, mining operations grew and led to the start-up of zinc, cobalt and nickel works. In the 1940s, a shortage of electricity forced Outokumpu to seek ways to decrease its electricity consumption. This led to the birth of the flash smelting process - which turned out to be one of the most revolutionary inventions in metallurgy. Many new smelting plants all over the world adopted this new method. The company turned its technology expertise into a new business, which eventually led to the listing of Outokumpu Technology in 2006 and to the birth of Outotec. Outokumpu started down the road toward stainless steel in 1960 when a chrome ore deposit was discovered in Kemi. The construction of a ferrochrome smelter in Tornio, combined with the nickel works in Harjavalta, provided Outokumpu with the key raw materials for stainless steel. Tornio's steel melt shop and cold rolling mill started up in 1976.

"About this title" may belong to another edition of this title.

Store Description

Visit Seller's Storefront

Terms of Sale:

Buy with confidence. Excellent customer service. 30 day return policy.

Books Express LLC
1465 Woodbury Ave
Portsmouth NH 03801

Shipping Terms:

Standard and expedited shipping options include shipping and handling costs. Default shipping is by USPS Media Mail and frequently USPS Priority Mail or UPS Ground is used. Books should arrive within 10-14 business days for expedited shipping, and 20-30 business days for standard shipping. Standard shipping can on occasion take up to 30 days for delivery.

List this Seller's Books

Payment Methods
accepted by seller

Visa Mastercard American Express

Check Money Order PayPal Invoice Bank Draft Bank/Wire Transfer Direct Debit (Personally Authorized Payment)