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7 offprints on band spectra, from the library of R. T. Birge, with manuscript materials by Birge laid in

Mullikan, Robert

Publication Date: 1932
Soft cover
From Jeremy Norman's historyofscience (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)

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Mullikan, Robert A. (1896-1986). Group of 7 offprints (plus one duplicate) on band spectra, as listed below. V.p., 1927-31. Original wrappers (except for the duplicate); see below for detailed condition statements. Overall very good. From the library of Raymond T. Birge (1887-1980), with his signatures and extensive scientific annotations on most of the offprints; see below. First Separate Editions. Mulliken received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1966 for his "fundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular-orbital method." His most outstanding achievement was the development, with Friedrich Hund, of molecular orbital theory, but his influence extended well beyond the boundaries of this field to affect all of molecular science: If any single person's ideas and teachings dominated the development of our understanding of molecular structure and spectra, it surely was Robert Mulliken. From the beginning of his career as an independent scientist in the mid-1920s until he published his last scientific papers in the early 1980s, Mullikan guided an entire field through his penetrating solutions of outstanding puzzles, his identification (or discovery) and analysis of the new major problems ripe for study, and his creation of a school-the Laboratory of Molecular Structure and Spectroscopy or LMSS at the University of Chicago, during its existence the most important center in the world for the study of molecules (Berry, "Robert Sanderson Mulliken" [internet reference]). Concepts and terms coined by Mulliken that have shaped and illuminated our understanding of molecular structure include orbital, molecular orbital, charge transfer process, electron population and population analysis, spin orbital, electron donor and acceptor, electron affinity and electron promotion. Although Mulliken will be rightly remembered in history as the codeveloper (with Hund) of the molecular orbital theory, his unique individual achievement was the devising of a conceptual framework and terminology with which to describe, explain, and predict chemical phenomena. This helped place chemistry, largely an empirical science until World War II, on a firmer theoretical foundation (James, Nobel Laureates in Chemistry 1901-1992, p. 477). Beginning in the 1920s, Mulliken published several series of papers that helped to unify and clarify the field of molecular science. The first series, consisting of eight papers published between 1926 and 1929 under the general title "Electronic states and band spectrum structure in diatomic molecules," was intended to organize the subject; the second, titled "Interpretation of Band Spectra" (1930-32), "carries that analysis further, making it more encompassing and more penetrating. That series remains a standard text on the subject" (Berry). Both these series are partially represented here, the first by nos. 1 and 2; the second by nos. 5 and 7. All of the papers in this collection were written during the time that Mulliken was developing molecular orbital theory (1926-32). These papers are from the library of Raymond T. Birge, chairman from 1933 to 1953 of the UC Berkeley physics department, which he helped to shape into one of the most prestigious in the world. Birge, who was also a molecular spectroscopist, played a supporting role in an early dispute between Mulliken and the British physicist Wilfred Jevons: [Mulliken] succeeded in applying [the old quantum theory] in 1924-25 to the interpretation of a particular molecular spectrum, assigned initially by Wilfred Jevons to the boron nitride molecule, BN. Mulliken showed that the spectrum was that of boron oxide despite the preparation involving no apparent oxygen-containing substances. Jevons was pressed by a zealous department head to publish a note insisting on the initial assignment. Then, at the urging of R. T. Birge, Mulliken wrote directly to Jevons, visited him in England in 1925, and the two men settled the matter amicably and remained friends thereafter (Berry). Birge left extensive annotations in most of the offprints, and two of the offprints have several sheets of scientific notes in his hand laid in. DSB (Birge). 1. Electronic states and band spectrum structure in diatomic molecules. IV. Hund's theory; second positive nitrogen and Swan bands; alternating intensities. Offprint from Phys. Rev. 29 (1927). 637-649pp. 254 x 178 mm. Orig. printed wrappers. Birge's signature and annotations. 2. Electronic states and band spectrum structure in diatomic molecules. V. Bands of the violet CN (2S a 2S) type. Offprint from Phys. Rev. 30 (1927). [1], 138-149pp. Orig. printed wrappers. Birge's signature and annotations. 3. Band spectra and atomic nuclei. Offprint from Trans. Faraday Soc. 25 (1929). 634-645pp. 248 x 155 mm. Orig. printed self-wrappers. Birge's signature and annotations. 4. Band spectra and chemistry. Offprint from Chem. Rev. 6 (1929). 503-547pp. 255 x 175 mm. Orig. printed wrappers, a little worn & frayed. Birge's annotations; 6-page scientific ms. in his hand laid in. 2 copies (one without wrappers). 5. Interpretation of band spectra. Part IIc. Empirical band types. Offprint from Rev. Mod. Phys. 3 (1931). 89-155pp. 256 x 179 mm. Orig. printed self-wrappers. Birge's signature and annotations. 6. Bonding power of electrons and theory of valence. Offprint from Chem. Reviews 9 (1931). 347-388pp. 256 x 175 mm. Orig. printed wrappers. Birge's signature. 7. Interpretation of band spectra. Part III. Offprint from Rev. Mod. Phys. 4 (1932). 86pp. 256 x 179 mm. Orig. printed self-wrappers. Birge's signature and annotations; 2 sheets scientific ms. in his land laid in. Bookseller Inventory # 38707

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Title: 7 offprints on band spectra, from the ...

Publication Date: 1932

Binding: Soft cover

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