Based on a series of lectures delivered at Cornell University in the fall of 1949, and since revised, this is the standard non-technical coverage of Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics and astronomy, and their transmission to the Hellenistic world. Entirely modern in its data and conclusions, it reveals the surprising sophistication of certain areas of early science, particularly Babylonian mathematics.

After a discussion of the number systems used in the ancient Near East (contrasting the Egyptian method of additive computations with unit fractions and Babylonian place values), Dr. Neugebauer covers Babylonian tables for numerical computation, approximations of the square root of 2 (with implications that the Pythagorean Theorem was known more than a thousand years before Pythagoras), Pythagorean numbers, quadratic equations with two unknowns, special cases of logarithms and various other algebraic and geometric cases. Babylonian strength in algebraic and numerical work reveals a level of mathematical development in many aspects comparable to the mathematics of the early Renaissance in Europe. This is in contrast to the relatively primitive Egyptian mathematics. In the realm of astronomy, too, Dr. Neugebauer describes an unexpected sophistication, which is interpreted less as the result of millennia of observations (as used to be the interpretation) than as a competent mathematical apparatus. The transmission of this early science and its further development in Hellenistic times is also described. An Appendix discusses certain aspects of Greek astronomy and the indebtedness of the Copernican system to Ptolemaic and Islamic methods.

Dr. Neugebauer has long enjoyed an international reputation as one of the foremost workers in the area of premodern science. Many of his discoveries have revolutionized earlier understandings. In this volume he presents a non-technical survey, with much material unique on this level, which can be read with great profit by all interested in the history of science or history of culture. 14 plates. 52 figures.

*"synopsis" may belong to another edition of this title.*

One of the foremost workers in the area of premodern science presents the standard nontechnical coverage of Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics and astronomy and their transmission into the Hellenistic world, including the especially interesting, surprising sophistication of Babylonian mathematics. 52 figures.

**Otto Neugebauer: Exacting History**Neugebauer's

In the 1980s he moved to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. He wrote several books and many articles in addition to *The Exact Sciences in Antiquity*. His monumental three-volume *History of Ancient Mathematical Astronomy* (1975) is the definitive work on the subject. Dover reprinted *The Exact Sciences in Antiquity* in 1969.

**Critical Acclaim for Otto Neugebauer:**"Otto Neugebauer was the most original and productive scholar of the history of the exact sciences, perhaps of the history of science, of our age. He began as a mathematician, turned first to Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics, and then took up the history of mathematical astronomy, to which he afterward devoted the greatest part of his attention. In a career of sixty-five years, he to a great extent created our understanding of mathematical astronomy from Babylon and Egypt, through Greco-Roman antiquity, to India, Islam, and Europe of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Through his colleagues, students, and many readers, his influence on the study of the history of the exact sciences remains profound, even definitive." ? N. M. Swerdlow

*"About this title" may belong to another edition of this title.*

Published by
Dover Pubns
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Quantity Available: > 20

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Pubns, 1969. PAP. Book Condition: New. New Book. Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Bookseller Inventory # V0-9780486223322

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publishers

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Quantity Available: > 20

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publishers. Book Condition: New. Brand New. Bookseller Inventory # 0486223329

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications Inc.
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Quantity Available: 12

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications Inc., 1969. PAP. Book Condition: New. New Book.Shipped from US within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000. Bookseller Inventory # IB-9780486223322

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications Inc., United States
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Paperback
Quantity Available: 10

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications Inc., United States, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: New. New impression. 208 x 137 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Based on a series of lectures delivered at Cornell University in the fall of 1949, and since revised, this is the standard non-technical coverage of Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics and astronomy, and their transmission to the Hellenistic world. Entirely modern in its data and conclusions, it reveals the surprising sophistication of certain areas of early science, particularly Babylonian mathematics. After a discussion of the number systems used in the ancient Near East (contrasting the Egyptian method of additive computations with unit fractions and Babylonian place values), Dr. Neugebauer covers Babylonian tables for numerical computation, approximations of the square root of 2 (with implications that the Pythagorean Theorem was known more than a thousand years before Pythagoras), Pythagorean numbers, quadratic equations with two unknowns, special cases of logarithms and various other algebraic and geometric cases. Babylonian strength in algebraic and numerical work reveals a level of mathematical development in many aspects comparable to the mathematics of the early Renaissance in Europe. This is in contrast to the relatively primitive Egyptian mathematics. In the realm of astronomy, too, Dr. Neugebauer describes an unexpected sophistication, which is interpreted less as the result of millennia of observations (as used to be the interpretation) than as a competent mathematical apparatus. The transmission of this early science and its further development in Hellenistic times is also described. An Appendix discusses certain aspects of Greek astronomy and the indebtedness of the Copernican system to Ptolemaic and Islamic methods. Dr. Neugebauer has long enjoyed an international reputation as one of the foremost workers in the area of premodern science. Many of his discoveries have revolutionized earlier understandings. In this volume he presents a non-technical survey, with much material unique on this level, which can be read with great profit by all interested in the history of science or history of culture. 14 plates. 52 figures. Bookseller Inventory # AAC9780486223322

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications Inc., United States
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Paperback
Quantity Available: 10

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications Inc., United States, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: New. New impression. 208 x 137 mm. Language: English . Brand New Book. Based on a series of lectures delivered at Cornell University in the fall of 1949, and since revised, this is the standard non-technical coverage of Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics and astronomy, and their transmission to the Hellenistic world. Entirely modern in its data and conclusions, it reveals the surprising sophistication of certain areas of early science, particularly Babylonian mathematics. After a discussion of the number systems used in the ancient Near East (contrasting the Egyptian method of additive computations with unit fractions and Babylonian place values), Dr. Neugebauer covers Babylonian tables for numerical computation, approximations of the square root of 2 (with implications that the Pythagorean Theorem was known more than a thousand years before Pythagoras), Pythagorean numbers, quadratic equations with two unknowns, special cases of logarithms and various other algebraic and geometric cases. Babylonian strength in algebraic and numerical work reveals a level of mathematical development in many aspects comparable to the mathematics of the early Renaissance in Europe. This is in contrast to the relatively primitive Egyptian mathematics. In the realm of astronomy, too, Dr. Neugebauer describes an unexpected sophistication, which is interpreted less as the result of millennia of observations (as used to be the interpretation) than as a competent mathematical apparatus. The transmission of this early science and its further development in Hellenistic times is also described. An Appendix discusses certain aspects of Greek astronomy and the indebtedness of the Copernican system to Ptolemaic and Islamic methods. Dr. Neugebauer has long enjoyed an international reputation as one of the foremost workers in the area of premodern science. Many of his discoveries have revolutionized earlier understandings. In this volume he presents a non-technical survey, with much material unique on this level, which can be read with great profit by all interested in the history of science or history of culture. 14 plates. 52 figures. Bookseller Inventory # AAC9780486223322

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
PAPERBACK
Quantity Available: 12

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications. PAPERBACK. Book Condition: New. 0486223329 Brand New Book. Ships from the United States. 30 Day Satisfaction Guarantee!. Bookseller Inventory # 4799128

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Paperback
Quantity Available: 12

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Bookseller Inventory # 0486223329

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Softcover
Quantity Available: 1

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications, 1969. Book Condition: New. Brand New, Unread Copy in Perfect Condition. A+ Customer Service! Summary: One of the foremost workers in the area of premodern science presents the standard nontechnical coverage of Egyptian and Babylonian mathematics and astronomy and their transmission into the Hellenistic world. Bookseller Inventory # ABE_book_new_0486223329

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications Inc. 1969-11-01|NU-ING-00034669
(1969)

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
Paperback
Quantity Available: 5

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications Inc. 1969-11-01|NU-ING-00034669, 1969. Paperback. Book Condition: New. 9780486223322. Bookseller Inventory # NU-ING-00034669

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question

Published by
Dover Publications

ISBN 10: 0486223329
ISBN 13: 9780486223322

New
PAPERBACK
Quantity Available: 1

Seller

Rating

**Book Description **Dover Publications. PAPERBACK. Book Condition: New. 0486223329. Bookseller Inventory # Z0486223329ZN

More Information About This Seller | Ask Bookseller a Question