The small gorge at Tivoli (oil painting)

Henri Joseph Boichard (Versailles, 1723-1850)

Condition: Very Good No Binding
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Henri Joseph Boichard (Versailles, 1723-1850) The small gorge at Tivoli Oil on canvas Canvas size: 28 ½" x 36" Frame size: 37 1/8" x 44 5/8" Signed and dated l.l.: Boichard 1824 Inscribed verso: Boichard à Bourges Provenance: Private collection Essen, Germany Although Henri Joseph Boichard (1723-1850) never studied with Pierre-Henri de Valenciennes (1750-1819), in this work he has clearly absorbed the lessons that the older artist imparted to his students and Salon visitors. The perspective is defined by the counter-play of light and shadow across the picture plane, and by the meandering torrent of water that cascades down the gorge from the right background, then angles across the center of the composition. Two classical figures, a herder and a maiden, steer their goats, sheep and cows across the Aniene River in the foreground. Above them can be seen a figure in silhouette pointing to the majestic falls above him. Boichard's view of the gorge at Tivoli is characteristic of French landscape painting at the turn of the nineteenth century and very much in the tradition of the above mentioned Valenciennes, but also artists such as Hubert Robert (1733-1808) and Claude-Joseph Vernet (1714-1789). The Italian landscape and particularly its ruins was popular subject matter for such French artists, many of whom traveled to Italy to experience the ancient sights firsthand. This was the era of the Grand Tour when travel throughout Europe became more prevalent and paintings of such famous locales as Tivoli were immensely popular and readily sold to tourists. Tivoli is in the Monti Tiburtini hills east of Rome and became a place of resort because of its fresh air and dramatic scenery. The Emperor Hadrian used to hunt in these hills and built his villa on the plains beneath. The Aniene River cut a deep gorge and used to have fierce waterfalls. A small circular Temple of Vesta was built here (probably in the second century BC). In Boichard's oil painting it is probable that the scene shown is just below the Temple of Vesta in what was later to become the park of Villa Gregoriana. The oil was completed just two years before the disastrous floods of 1826 which necessitated the reclamation of the old bed of the River Aniene and which resulted in the founding of the public park, commissioned by Pope Gregory XVI and founded in 1835. Henri Joseph Boichard was a pupil of Baron Jean-Baptiste Regnault and became professor of drawing at the Collèges de Bourges. It was during his time at Bourges that he completed this work. Bookseller Inventory # H00208c

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Title: The small gorge at Tivoli (oil painting)

Binding: No Binding

Book Condition:Very Good

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