Title: Justi Lipsi de cruce libri tres ad sacram ...
Publisher: Plantin Moretus, Antwerp
Publication Date: 1594
Book Condition: Very Good
Edition: First Edition.
8vo (235 x 170mm). , 120pp, . Signatures: a-b4; A-Q4. Engraved printer’s device of Moretus (compass with motto "Labore et constantia") to title and final leaf (woodcut). 22 engravings in text depicting mainly crucifixion scenes among ancient peoples, including one full-page, all attributed to Peeter vander Borcht. Woodblock chapter initials. Greek & Latin text, marginal notes, index. Near contemporary vellum; (covers inscribed "Ingilby," possibly pointing to an early English provenance) and rear of first blank inscribed with quotations titled "Elogia Crucis," taken from Tertullian, De corona militis; Ephrem, De Poenitentia; Augustine, Enarratione in Psalmos; and the Hymns of Prudentius. Staining to upper margin of a few leaves toward the end. Rare First Edition. The collaboration between the Plantin-Moretus press and Justus Lipsius (Joose Lips) the 16th century philologist, scholar of classics, and professor from the Netherlands, has been well established by a series of correspondence and the numerous printings from the press. Lipsius, was regarded as the most learned man of his time, and many of his foundational ideas featured as key themes in the Reformation and humanist intellectual movements. One of his primary academic interests was to reconcile the Stoic teachings of Seneca with that of Christianity, and subsequently his most famous work, the multi-volume series De Constantia, had been published in 1584. It is believed that Lipsius wrote and published his work De Cruce, just ten years later, as a means of demonstrating his reconciliation with Catholicism and religious piety to his new employer, the College of Louvain, after a lifetime of religious drifting. His work brought to light many extraordinary things otherwise overlooked in the history of crucifixion as a means of execution. Lipsius then discusses the different ways to crucify a person; upside down sideways, feet apart, and then those who are attached to the cross, were burned alive or all exposed to wild beasts. Lipsius then examines what wood crosses were made and determines the oak being the strongest was also the cleanest in their construction. Although the expert illustrations are unsigned, scholars believe the images could be the work of famed Flemish engraver Peter van der Borcht. Adams 778; Brunet, I, 872 (first edition); Van der Haeghen, Bibliographie lipsienne, I, 187. Bookseller Inventory # D6210
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