Title: Opuscula Mathematica, Philosophica et ...
Publisher: Apud Marcum-Michaelem Bousquet & Socios , Lausanne and Geneva
Publication Date: 1744
Book Condition: Very Good
Edition: 1st Edition
3 volumes. 4to (241 x 194 mm). Vol. I: , xxviii, 420; ; Vol. II: , vi, 423; Vol. III: , vi, 566,  pages, including index and final leaf of binder’s instructions. Half-title in volume I. Titles in red and black, each with engraved vignette of Newton’s oval portrait and allegorical frame of cherubs and scientific instruments inscribed with motto NOVIORA CECINIT (‘The Newer Strain’), 64 folding copper-plate engraved plates, and 2 folding letterpress tables. Engraved headpieces and historiated initials. Edited with added biography by Johann Francesco Castillon (1704-1791). Contemporary vellum boards with bent edges and marbled edges, spine titles and tome numbers in ink; (some gatherings intermittently browned, scattered mostly minor foxing, hinges wormed and cracked or starting). Otherwise sound and complete illustrated copies of an important edition for Newton. In 1744, the collected works, the Opuscula Mathematica , of Sir Isaac Newton were published, in three volumes, in Lausanne and Geneva. It marked the first collected edition of Newton’s previously published writings on mathematical works, his optical lectures, and philological essays on history and theology, without the Geneva Principia (3 vols., 1739-42), Arithmetica Universalis (1761), and Optice et lectiones opticae (or Opticks) (1740), which were separately printed. In total the eight-volume set, which would constitute an early collection of all of Newton’s works, is rarely found together. These three volumes are thus a "stand alone" work. Newton had died just seventeen years prior to the printing of the Opuscula, as well, at least three other publications posthumously appeared before this one - but they were of solitary texts. Although Newton belonged to an older generation of scholars, favoring secrecy and resisting publication of his findings for most of his lifetime, interest in his life and work proliferated in the years after his death. The Opuscula amassed a great portion of Newton’s treatises, and was the first for these particular writings; it was printed during a peak of activity in the "Age of Reason" when European presses were pushing out compendia on several other scientists, like Galileo and Kepler. Volumes 1) Containing Newton’s mathematical essays and 28 plates of figures and diagrams. Contents: Mathematica: De analysi (1711); Methodus fluxionum (1736); De quadratura (1706); Enumeratio (1706); Methodus differentialis (1716); and excerpts from correspondence with John Wallis, John Chamberlayne, Abbe Conti, John Collins and Henry Oldenburg, including the texts of the Epistola prior and the Epistola posterior as they appeared in Commercium epistolicum. 2) Containing the philosophical treatises, which mainly consist of Newton’s "Optical Lectures," originally delivered in Latin at Cambridge in 1669, 1670, and 1671, with 32 plates. Contents: Philosophica: De mundi systemate (1731); Lectiones opticae (1729); papers from the Philosophical Transactions (numbers 80-5, 86, 88, 96, 97, 110, 121, 128 on the subject of light and color); De natura acidorum (1736); Scala graduum caloris (1701) or the "Scale of the Degrees of Heat" (pp. 419-423). 3) Containing Newton’s philological works, mainly historical essays, including a chronicle of ancient history, with four folding plates. Contents: Philologica: Brevia Cronica (1728); Chronologia veterum regnorum emendata (1728); Paper on Chronology from Philosophical Transactions (1725); Ad Danielis profetae vaticinia (1737); and Dissertatio de sacro judaeorum cubito (1737). The editor and translator, Johann Castillioneus [aka. Salvemini di Castiglione], was an Italian humanist and mathematician who settled to teach in the Lake Geneva area by 1736, apparently fleeing the Inquisition. During this period, Castillioneus published two of his own mathematical papers in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, in 1741 and 1742 respectively, before endeavoring to edit Newton’s works. Roger Ward Ba. Bookseller Inventory # D11070
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