Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research

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9780123736390: Clinical and Translational Science: Principles of Human Research

Clinical or translational science is the field of study devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. New molecular tools and diagnostic technologies based on clinical and translational research have lead to a better understanding of human disease and the application of new therapeutics for enhanced health.

Clinical and Translational Science is designed as the most authoritative and modern resource for the broad range of investigators in various medical specialties taking on the challenge of clinical research. Prepared with an international perspective, this resource begins with experimental design and investigative tools to set the scene for readers. It then moves on to human genetics and pharmacology with a focus on statistics, epidemiology, genomic information, drug discovery and development, and clinical trials. Finally, it turns to legal, social, and ethical issues of clinical research concluding with a discussion of future prospects to provide readers with a comprehensive view of the this developing area of science.

  • Clinical research is one of the fastest growing fields in private practice and academic medicine with practical biological, physiological, cellular, and therapeutic applications
  • Contributions from international leaders provide insight into background and future understanding for clinical and translational science
  • Provides the structure for complete instruction and guidance on the subject from fundamental principles, approaches and infrastructure to human genetics, human pharmacology, research in special populations, the societal context of human research, and the future of human research

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About the Author:

Dr. Robertson graduated from Vanderbilt University in 1969, with a B.A. in Germanic and Slavic Languages. He attended the Arnamagnaen Institute in Copenhagen, Denmark before receiving his medical degree from Vanderbilt University Medical School in 1973. He went on to complete an internship and residency in Medicine at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Robertson was a postdoctoral fellow in Clinical Pharmacology at Vanderbilt for two years before accepting a position as assistant chief of Service in Medicine and instructor in Medicine at Johns Hopkins in 1977.

In 1978, Robertson returned to Vanderbilt as assistant professor of Medicine and Pharmacology, became an associate professor in 1982, then rose to professor in 1986. He spent one year as a visiting professor in the Department of Molecular Endocrinology at National, then served as a visiting professor in the Department of Anatomy and Embryology at University College in London. In 1993, Robertson became director of the Medical Scientist Training Program at Vanderbilt University and also took the position of director of the Division of Movement Disorders in the Department of Neurology, which he held until 2000.

Along with his current roles as professor of Medicine and Pharmacology and professor of Neurology, Robertson is currently the Elton Yates Professor of Autonomic Disorders, director of the General Clinical Research Center and director of the Center for Space Physiology and Medicine for Vanderbilt University.

Robertson currently serves on the Board of Advisors for the World Life Foundation, the NASA Microgravity Human Research Committee, the Merck Advisory Board, and the editorial boards of American Journal of Medicine, Autonomic Neuroscience and Clinical Autnomic Research. He is also associate editor for the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.

Dr. Williams’ group’s first major goal is the identification of the genetic underpinnings of endocrine factors related to cardiovascular (CV) risk in hypertension and diabetes with the ultimate goal of using genetic markers to develop individualized, personal treatment programs for patients with these diseases. His is a translational research group with interdisciplinary focus in humans and at the bench. The group's major focus in human studies is on careful phenotyping of patients with hypertension and diabetes relative to cardiovascular risk factors. The research focuses on evaluating hormones that can modify vascular contractility and/or salt handling. The major current thrusts are the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), kallikrein, cortisol, adducin, the beta-2 adrenergic receptor and ion transport systems. The second major goal is to determine the role of aldosterone in producing CV disease at molecular, cellular, organ, whole animal and clinical levels. Recent studies suggest that aldosterone has a wide range of effects including inducing microvascular ischemia, thrombosis, fibrosis, and inflammatory responses many of them potentially mediated by aldosterone’s interaction with caveolins and two recently discovered proteins---striatin and lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1). Techniques employed include whole animal physiological studies using normal animals, those made hypertensive and those genetically modified (e.g. knock-outs and transgenics). Molecular and cellular techniques include gene arrays using chip technology, proteomics, confocal microscopy, electrophysiology and in situ hybridization. Finally, the group has just begin the first proof of concept clinical trial for using genetic information to provide personalized medicine.

Review:

Clinical and Translational Science - Principles of Human Research by Robertson and Williams is as much an important textbook as a guide for translational research in the current era. The book covers a whole breadth of topics written by well known authorities which are of practical relevance to the day-to-day conduct of translational research. Given that more and more translational research is being conducted in more and more developing countries, this book would also find relevance for efforts in developing countries. I am sure many will find this a welcome addition to the current array of books on research methodology, clinical trials and clinical epidemiology. This superbly written textbook full of relevant information and refreshing thoughts and ideas (will) be appreciated by students and teachers of medicine, clinical researchers and policy makers.

"Khalid Yusoff Professor of Medicine and Dean Faculty of Medicine Universiti Teknology MARA Shah Alam, Malaysia"

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Book Description Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc, United States, 2009. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Clinical or translational science is the field of study devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. New molecular tools and diagnostic technologies based on clinical and translational research have lead to a better understanding of human disease and the application of new therapeutics for enhanced health. Clinical and Translational Science is designed as the most authoritative and modern resource for the broad range of investigators in various medical specialties taking on the challenge of clinical research. Prepared with an international perspective, this resource begins with experimental design and investigative tools to set the scene for readers. It then moves on to human genetics and pharmacology with a focus on statistics, epidemiology, genomic information, drug discovery and development, and clinical trials. Finally, it turns to legal, social, and ethical issues of clinical research concluding with a discussion of future prospects to provide readers with a comprehensive view of the this developing area of science. Bookseller Inventory # AAZ9780123736390

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Book Description Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc, United States, 2009. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Clinical or translational science is the field of study devoted to investigating human health and disease, interventions and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. New molecular tools and diagnostic technologies based on clinical and translational research have lead to a better understanding of human disease and the application of new therapeutics for enhanced health. Clinical and Translational Science is designed as the most authoritative and modern resource for the broad range of investigators in various medical specialties taking on the challenge of clinical research. Prepared with an international perspective, this resource begins with experimental design and investigative tools to set the scene for readers. It then moves on to human genetics and pharmacology with a focus on statistics, epidemiology, genomic information, drug discovery and development, and clinical trials. Finally, it turns to legal, social, and ethical issues of clinical research concluding with a discussion of future prospects to provide readers with a comprehensive view of the this developing area of science. Bookseller Inventory # AAZ9780123736390

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David Robertson (Editor), Gordon H. Williams (Editor)
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Book Description Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc. Book Condition: New. 2008. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Introduces the discipline of clinical and translational science. This title covers various aspects of this field, and captures the novel approaches to investigation of human health and disease, emphasizing drug discovery, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. Editor(s): Robertson, David; Williams, Gordon H. Num Pages: 600 pages, black & white illustrations, black & white tables, figures. BIC Classification: MBP. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational. Dimension: 278 x 224 x 39. Weight in Grams: 2044. . . . . . Books ship from the US and Ireland. Bookseller Inventory # V9780123736390

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Book Description Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc, 2008. Book Condition: New. 2008. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Introduces the discipline of clinical and translational science. This title covers various aspects of this field, and captures the novel approaches to investigation of human health and disease, emphasizing drug discovery, interventions, and outcomes for the purposes of developing new treatment approaches, devices, and modalities to improve health. Editor(s): Robertson, David; Williams, Gordon H. Num Pages: 600 pages, black & white illustrations, black & white tables, figures. BIC Classification: MBP. Category: (P) Professional & Vocational. Dimension: 278 x 224 x 39. Weight in Grams: 2044. . . . . . . Bookseller Inventory # V9780123736390

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