Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It (7th Edition)

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9780130995841: Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It (7th Edition)

This easy-to-use handbook is ideal for practitioners concerned with overcoming behavioral deficits and excesses in a wide variety of populations and settings. Written in a reader-friendly style that assumes no prior knowledge of behavior modification or psychology, it provides a comprehensive, practical presentation of both the elementary principles of behavior modification and step-by-step “how-to” guidelines for their application. Includes real-life cases and examples throughout. Getting A Behavior To Occur More Often With Positive Reinforcement. Developing And Maintaining Behavior With Conditioned Reinforcement. Decreasing A Behavior With Extinction. Developing Behavioral Persistence Through The Use Of Intermittent Reinforcement. Types Of Intermittent Reinforcement To Decrease Behavior. Doing The Right Thing At The Right Time And Place: Stimulus Discrimination And Stimulus Generalization. Developing Appropriate Behavior With Fading. Getting A New Behavior To Occur: An Application Of Shaping. Getting A New Behavior To Occur With Behavioral Chaining. Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment. Establishing A Desirable Behavior By Using Escape And Avoidance Conditioning. Procedures Based On Principles Of Respondent Conditioning. Respondent And Operant Conditioning Together. Transferring Behavior To New Settings And Making It Last: Generality Of Behavior Change. Capitalizing On Existing Stimulus Control: Rules And Goals, Modeling, Guidance, And Situational Inducement. Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations. Direct Behavioral Assessment: What To Record And How. Functional Assessment Of The Causes Of Problem Behavior. Planning, Applying, And Evaluating A Treatment Program. Token Economies. Helping An Individual To Develop Self-Control. Systematic Self-Desensitization. Cognitive Behavior Modification. Areas Of Clinical Behavior Therapy. Ethical Issues. For practitioners of various helping professions who are concerned directly with enhancing various forms of behavioral development (e.g., education, counseling, clinical psychology, medicine, nursing, psychiatry, psychiatric nursing, social work, speech therapy, sport psychology, physiotherapy, and occupational therapy).

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About the Author:

Garry Martin, a native Manitoban, attended Colorado College on a hockey scholarship, where he received the BA degree. He then attended Arizona State University for the MA and PhD degrees. Garry returned to Manitoba in 1966 and taught in the Department of Psychology at the University of Manitoba until his retirement at the end of 2008. He is currently a Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the U of M, and he continues to supervise graduate students, teach part-time, and write and publish. He has co-authored or co-edited 8 books and over 150 journal articles on various areas in behavioral psychology. His book, Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It, with Dr. Joseph Pear, first published in 1978, is used as a primary text at many universities in 14 countries and various editions have been translated into Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Chinese, and Korean. His research on behavioral training technologies for improving the quality of life of people with developmental disabilities and children with autism has been supported continuously by the Medical Research Council of Canada, and now the Canadian Institutes of Health Research for the past 32 years. He has been an invited speaker at numerous national and international conferences around the world. He has supervised 38 Masters theses, and 32 PhD theses at the University of Manitoba, and has received numerous honors and awards, including induction into the Royal Society of Canada. At the 2010 Annual Convention of the Canadian Psychological Association, Garry received the CPA Education and Training Award, the most prestigious education and training award the discipline confers in Canada.

 

Dr. Joseph J. Pear, Professor of Psychology at the University of Manitoba, received the B.S. degree from the University of Maryland and the M.A. and Ph.D. degrees from The Ohio State University. A fellow of Division 6 (Behavioral Neuroscience and Comparative Psychology) and Division 25 (Behavior Analysis) of the American Psychological Association, Dr. Pear has done both basic and applied research. His early applied work was with children with developmental disabilities at the St. Amant Centre, where he founded the Behaviour Modification Unit (now the Psychology Department) in the early 1970s. More recently, he developed Computer-Aided Personal System of Instruction (CAPSI), an instructional program based on the Keller Plan. CAPSI is an award winning program that is being used to teach a number of courses at University of Manitoba and at several other universities in Canada and the United States. It is also a research tool that Dr. Pear and his graduate students use to research the teaching and learning dimensions of university education. Dr. Pear has also done basic research with pigeons and fish using a tracking system that he developed. In addition to Behavior Modification: What It Is and How to Do It with Dr. Garry Martin, Dr. Pear has written two other books: The Science of Learning and A Historical and Contemporary Look at Psychological Systems. He has also written numerous research articles and two encyclopedia articles: “Psychological Systems” in The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology (Fourth Edition) and “Physiological Homeostasis and Learning” in Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. He has received awards for Outstanding Contribution to Behaviour Analysis in Manitoba and for Innovative Excellence in Teaching, Learning, and Technology. He also received the Fred S. Keller Behavioral Education Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education.

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