Concrete (PRENTICE-HALL INTERNATIONAL SERIES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING MECHANICS)

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9780131671065: Concrete (PRENTICE-HALL INTERNATIONAL SERIES IN CIVIL ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING MECHANICS)
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Concrete text with a materials science orientation. Presents a unified view of concrete behavior in light of underlying chemical and physical principles.

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Much progress has been made in many areas of concrete technology since the publication of the first edition of Concrete. For those familiar with the first edition, very little has been removed, while the chapters on cements, aggregates, chemical admixtures, concrete construction practices, and durability have undergone major revision. In addition, the text now contains new, separate chapters on

  • mineral admixtures
  • high-strength concrete
  • cement-polymer composites
  • fiber-reinforced concrete

As in the first edition, the authors present a unified view of concrete behavior based on basic principles. The material on workability of concrete is prefaced by a general discussion of the principle of rheology; mechanical properties are discussed from the point of view of concrete as a multiphase material; and the underlying chemistry of hydration and microstructure of hardened cement paste are emphasized. The result is a cohesive presentation of practical applications supported by detailed background information, which serves both the undergraduate and the practicing professional engineer.

Excerpt. Reprinted by permission. All rights reserved.:

Portland cement concrete is foremost among the construction materials used in civil engineering projects around the world. The reasons for concrete's preeminence are varied, but among the more important are the economic and widespread availability of its constituents; its versatility and adaptability, as evidenced by the many types of construction in which it is used; and the minimal maintenance requirements during service. As is the case with any material, its successful use depends upon an intelligent application of its properties in design and the supply of a uniform, high quality product. Concrete is unique among major construction materials in that it is generally designed specifically for a particular project using locally available materials. Therefore, the project engineer has full control and responsibility over the final material used in construction. If concrete is not properly designed for the service conditions and is not properly handled and cured, it will result in substandard performance. For example, when concrete bridge decks and pavements commonly require extensive maintenance 5-10 years after placement, it is a clear indication that the material is not being used to its full potential. It is thus essential that engineers acquire a thorough understanding of the material properties of concretes and the procedures that are essential to providing a material of the required quality and durability.

In the past, concrete technology has been taught largely as an empirical science. However, there is a body of chemical and physical principles underlying the behavior of concrete that are now relatively well understood. As with the first edition, it is the aim of this text to present a unified view of concrete behavior in light of these principles, rather than as a series of more or less unrelated facts. For instance, the material on the workability of concrete is prefaced by a general discussion of the principles of rheology; mechanical properties are discussed from the point of view of concrete as a composite (or multiphase) material; and the underlying chemistry of hydration and microstructure of the hardened cement paste are emphasized.

This book is designed primarily for use at the undergraduate level, but it should also serve as a guide for the professional engineer who did not take a formal course on concrete in college. The text is based on the authors' considerable experience in teaching the principles of concrete at the undergraduate level. It includes the most up-to-date information available on new concrete materials, and considerable attention is given to the role of specifications for concrete and concrete materials and the use of test methods for determining concrete properties.

To provide a comprehensive treatment, more material is included than can be covered in detail in one semester. Therefore, the instructor will have to choose to omit certain topics. Chapter 4 contains more chemistry than might be considered desirable for an undergraduate course and could be treated in less detail by concentrating only on the reactions of the principal cement compounds. Also, those sections in Chapter 16 dealing with mechanisms of shrinkage, strain-rate dependence, and creep could be omitted if desired, although they contribute to a more basic understanding of the material. Chapters 21 and 22 could be passed over without loss of continuity, while parts of Chapters 15,18 and 20 could also be omitted, depending on the instructor's interests and the emphasis of the curriculum.

The book is divided into three main parts:

  1. The properties of the constituent materials: cements, hardened cement paste, aggregates, water and admixtures.
  2. Proportioning of concrete mixes and construction practices: mixing, transporting, placing and consolidating, and curing.
  3. The properties of hardened concrete: strength and fracture, fatigue, Creep and drying shrinkage, and durability.

In view of the fact that SI units are in use in Canada, and are being adopted in the United States, we have chosen to use SI units as the primary system. Conversion to the English system is given throughout the text, as appropriate. Numerical problems have been given using both sets of units.

Throughout the text, reference is made to national standards developed by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) and the Canadian Standards Association (CSA). Also, considerable use is made of the recommendations and reports of the American Concrete Institute (ACI). ASTM and ACI documents are the principal standards in the United States, but are also widely used elsewhere. In preparing the text, reference was made to the most up-to-date editions of the standards and recommendations available. These are subject to frequent revision and the reader should therefore refer to the most recent editions, which may differ in some details from those referred to in the text.

A selected bibliography is provided with each chapter as a guide to further reading and to provide a point of entry to the original scientific literature. Some exercises are given at the end of each chapter. Selection of these has been difficult since the subject does not lend itself to numerical problems, but they have been chosen to emphasize the important aspects of each chapter.

It has been 22 years since publication of the first edition. Much progress has been made in many areas of concrete technology, necessitating some modification in coverage. For those familiar with the first edition, very little has been removed. The text now contains new, separate chapters on mineral admixtures, cement-polymer composites, and fiber reinforced concrete, subjects that had been included as part of other chapters in the first edition. The chapters on cements, aggregates, chemical admixtures, concrete construction practices, and durability have undergone major revisions and the information on architectural concrete has been moved into Chapter 20 on Concrete for Special Applications. Several chapters that addressed the response of concrete to stress have been consolidated into a single, thoroughly revised, chapter. And, the text now includes an all new chapter on high-strength concrete.

Special thanks are due to the following reviewers for their many helpful comments and suggestions: Raymond A. Cook, University of New Hampshire; John E. Haddock, Purdue University; Kevin J. Folliard, University of Texas at Austin; Daniel C. Jansen, Tufts University; Jerry Rose, University of Kentucky; Surendra P Shah, Northwestern University; and especially Leslie J. Struble and Anne Werner, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The support provided by ACI and ASTM by allowing us to use many figures and tables found in their documents is gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks are also due to Steven H. Kosmatka of the Portland Cement Association for providing many of the photographs that appear in the text, as well as access to the latest industry data on cement production. Finally, we would like to thank Carolyn Wiley for her invaluable assistance in the preparation of the manuscript.

SIDNEY MINDESS
J. FRANCIS YOUNG
DAVID DARWIN

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