Standard C++ provides a foundation for creating new, improved, and more powerful C++ components. IOStreams and locales are two such major components for text internationalization. As critical as these two APIs are, however, there are few resources devoted to explaining them. Standard C++ IOStreams and Locales fills this informational gap. It provides a comprehensive description of, and reference to, the iostreams and locales classes, showing how to put them to use and offering advanced information on customizing and extending their basic operation. Written by two experts involved with the development of the standard, this book reveals the rationale behind the design of the APIs and points out their potential pitfalls. This book serves as both a guide and a reference to C++ components. Part I explains iostreams, what they are, how they are used, their underlying architectural concepts, and the techniques for extending the iostream framework. Part II introduces internationalization and shows you how to adapt your program to local conventions.Readers seeking an initial overview of the problem domain will find an explanation of what internationalization and localization are, how they are related, and how they differ.With examples, the authors show the differences among cultural conventions, how C++ locales can be used to address such differences, and how locale framework can be extended to handle further, nonstandard cultural conventions. Standard C++ IOStreams and Locales: *Explains formatting and error indication features of iostreams
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Aimed at the advanced C++ programmer, Standard C++ IOStreams and Locales explains the internals of how C++ streams work and provides support for internationalization. It explains the inner details of architecture and design of these important built-in C++ objects, and it's a reference to all relevant classes and methods.
This book effectively reveals the inner workings of the entire stream class library in today's Standard C++ in two ways: First, it explains the design principles and internal function of these stream classes, whether for simple console or file I/O or for more advanced topics like memory streams. There's coverage of I/O basics (manipulators, stream flags, and other built-in features) for everyday programming with streams. The book also does an excellent job of delving into the nitty-gritty details of these classes (which most of us know only on the surface). Examples include a custom date class that will cooperate with existing stream libraries and create new "facets"--output rules that customize data for particular languages or "locales."
Besides an in-depth guide to what streams do by default and some hints for adding your own classes to work with them, the text also contains over 200 pages of reference material on every C++ stream and locale class, organized by header files. (These sections will arguably be the most useful for the working C++ developer.)
Like the support for template classes, the Standard Library's support for streams is powerful but until now, anyway, not easily accessible to ordinary programmers. For anyone who already knows the fundamentals of streams and is seeking to do more, this title fills a useful niche. It is an authoritative and densely packed source of technical detail on built-in C++ classes. --Richard Dragan
Topics covered: Standard C++ predefined streams, input and output operators, manipulators, locale basics, formatted input, stream state flags, file streams, in-memory I/O, stream positioning, synchronizing streams, stream class architecture, stream buffer classes, character types, wide character support, stream and stream buffer iterators, custom stream classes for user-defined types, inserters and extractors, user-defined manipulators, customizing stream and stream buffer classes, internationalization and localization, standard facets, user-defined facets, stream and locale class reference.About the Author:
Angelika Langer works as a freelance instructor and courseware developer. Previously, she was a senior trainer and developer at Rogue Wave Software, Inc. She also worked for a compiler group at Siemens, where she was responsible for the C++ compiler's standard library. She is a frequent speaker at international object-oriented conferences and was a member of the ISO/ANSI C++ standards committee.
Klaus Kreft is a Senior Consultant at Siemens Business Services. He was previously a senior consultant at Rogue Wave Software, Inc., and system architect at Siemens. Together with Angelika Langer he writes a regular column on the Standard C++ Library for C++ Report.
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