This brief, two-volume primary source reader emphasizes the history of ideas. Based on the full-length Sources of the Western Tradition, 6/e, this text allows instructors to introduce a limited number of documents in Western Civilization and present an affordable option to students. While this reader works as an accompaniment to any Western Civilization course, it makes an ideal companion for Perry's Western Civilization, 7/e, or Western Civilization: A Brief History, 5/e.
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Marvin Perry, now retired, taught history at Baruch College, City University of New York. He has published several successful Cengage Learning texts, including WESTERN CIVILIZATION: IDEAS, POLITICS, AND SOCIETY (senior author and general editor); WESTERN CIVILIZATION: A BRIEF HISTORY; the leading Western Civilization reader, SOURCES OF THE WESTERN TRADITION; AN INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF MODERN EUROPE; SOURCES OF EUROPEAN HISTORY SINCE 1900 (senior editor); HUMANITIES IN THE WESTERN TRADITION (senior author and general editor); and WORLD WAR II IN EUROPE: A CONCISE HISTORY. His scholarly work includes ARNOLD TOYNBEE AND THE WESTERN TRADITION (1996); coauthor of ANTISEMITISM: MYTH AND HATE FROM ANTIQUITY TO THE PRESENT (2002); coeditor of ANTISEMITIC MYTHS: A HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY ANTHOLOGY (2008); and coeditor of THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ISLAMIC TERRORISM: AN ANTHOLOGY (2008). Dr. Perry's scholarly work focuses on the history of ideas.Review:
I. Early Modern Europe 1. The Rise of Modernity 1. The Humanists' Fascination with Antiquity Petrarch: The Father of Humanism Leonardo Bruni: Study of Greek Literature and a Humanist Educational Program 2. Break with Medieval Political Theory Niccolo Machiavelli: The Prince 3. The Lutheran Reformation Martin Luther: On Papal Power, Justification by Faith, the Interpretation of the Bible, and the Nature of the Clergy 4. Justification of Absolute Monarchy Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan 5. The Triumph of Constitutional Monarchy in England: The Glorious Revolution The English Declaration of Rights 2. Intellectual Revolutions 1. Expanding the New Astronomy Galileo Galilei: The Starry Messenger Galileo Galilei: Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina and Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems--Ptolemaic and Copernican 2. The Autonomy of the Mind Rene Descartes: Discourse on Method 3. The Mechanical Universe Isaac Newton: Principia Mathematica 4. Political Liberty John Locke: Second Treatise on Government Thomas Jefferson: Declaration of Independence 5. Attack on Religion Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason Thomas Paine: The Age of Reason 6. Compendium of Knowledge Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia 7. Humanitarianism Caesare Beccaria: On Crime and Punishments Denis Diderot: Encyclopedia: "Men and Their Liberty Are Not Objects of Commerce..." 8. Literature as Satire: Critiques of European Society Voltaire: Candide Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bouganville II. Modern Europe 3. Era of the French Revolution 1. Abuses of the Old Regime Grievances of the Third Estate Emmanuel Sieyes: Bourgeois Disdain for Special Privileges of the Aristocracy 2. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Declaration of the Rights of Man and of Citizens 3. Expansion of Human Rights Mary Wollstonecraft: Vindication of the Rights of Woman Society of the Friends of Blacks: Address to the National Assembly in Favor of the Abolition of the Slave Trade Petition of the Jews of Paris, Alsace, and Lorraine to the National Assembly, January 28, 1790 4. The Jacobin Regime Maximilien Robespierre: Republic of Virtue General Louis de Lignieres Turreau: Uprising in the Vendee 5. Napoleon: Destroyer and Preserver of the Revolution Napoleon Bonaparte: Leader, General, Tyrant, Reformer 4. The Industrial Revolution 1. Early Industrialization Edward Baines: Britain's Industrial Advantages and the Factory System 2. The New Science of Political Economy Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations Thomas R. Malthus: On the Principle of Population 3. The Capitalist Ethic Samuel Smiles: Self-Help and Thrift 4. The Dark Side of Industrialization Sadler Commission: Report on Child Labor 5. Factory Discipline Factory Rules 5. Romanticism, Reaction, Revolution 1. Romanticism William Wordsworth: "Tables Turned" William Blake: "Milton" 2. Conservatism Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France Klemens von Metternich: The Odious Ideas of the Philosophes 3. Liberalism John Stuart Mill: On Liberty 4. The Rise of Modern Nationalism Ernst Moritz Arndt: The War of Liberation Giuseppe Mazzini: Young Italy 5. 1848: The Year of Revolutions Alexis de Tocqueville: The June Days 6. Culture, Society, and Politics, 1850-1914 1. Realism in Literature Charles Dickens: Hard Times 2. Theory of Evolution Charles Darwin: Natural Selection 3. The Socialist Revolution Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto 4. The Lower Classes William Booth: In Darkest England 5. Feminism and Antifeminism John Stuart Mill: The Subjection of Women The Goncourt Brothers: On Female Inferiority Almroth E. Wright: The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage 6. Anti-Semitism: Regression to the Irrational Hermann Ahlwardt: The Semitic Versus the Teutonic Race Theodor Herzl: The Jewish State 7. The Spirit of British Imperialism Cecil Rhodes: Confession of Faith Joseph Chamberlain: The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and "The White Man's Burden" Karl Pearson: Social Darwinism: Imperialism Justified by Nature 8. The Overman and the Will to Power Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power and The Antichrist 9. The Unconscious Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents III. Western Civilization in Crisis 7. World War I 1. Militarism Heinrich von Treitschke: The Greatness of War Friedrich von Bernhardi: Germany and the Next War 2. Pan-Serbism: Nationalism and Terrorism The Black Hand 3. War as Celebration: The Mood in European Capitals Roland Doregeles: Paris: "That Fabulous Day" Stefan Zweig: Vienna: "The Rushing Feeling of Fraternity" 4. Trench Warfare Erich Maria Remarque: All Quiet on the Western Front 5. The Paris Peace Conference Georges Clemenceau: French Demands for Security and Revenge 6. The Bolshevik Revolution N.N. Sukhanov: Trotsky Arouses the People V.I. Lenin: The Call to Power 7. The War and European Consciousness Paul Valery: Disillusionment Erich Maria Remarque: The Lost Generation 8. Era of Totalitarianism 1. Modernize or Perish Joseph Stalin: The Hard Line 2. Forced Collectivization Lev Kopelev: Terror in the Countryside 3. Soviet Indoctrination A.O. Avdienko: The Cult of Stalin Yevgeny Yevtushenko: Literature as Propaganda 4. Stalin's Terror Nikita S. Khrushchev: Khrushchev's Secret Speech Lev Razgon: True Stories 5. The Rise of Italian Fascism Benito Mussolini: Fascist Doctrines 6. The Rise of Nazism Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf Kurt G.W. Ludecke: The Demagogic Orator 7. The Leader-State Ernst Huber: "The Authority of the Fuhrer Is...All-Inclusive and Unlimited" 8. The Nazification of Culture and Society Johannes Stark: "Jewish Science" Versus "German Science" Jakob Graf: Hereditary and Racial Biology for Students Louis P. Lochner: Book Burning 9. Persecution of the Jews Marta Appel: Memoirs of a German Jewish Woman 9. World War II 1. The Anschluss, March 1938 Stefan Zweig: The World of Yesterday 2. The Munich Agreement Neville Chamberlain: In Defense of Appeasement Winston Churchill: "A Disaster of the First Magnitude" 3. World War II Begins Adolf Hitler: "Poland Will Be Depopulated and Settled with Germans" 4. The Fall of France Heinz Guderian: "French Leadership...Could Not Grasp the Significance of the Tank in Mobile Warfare" 5. The Battle of Britain Winston Churchill: "Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat" 6. Nazi Propaganda: for Volk, Fuhrer, and Fatherland The Indoctrination of the German Soldier 7. Stalingrad: A Turning Point William Hoffman: Diary of a German Soldier Joachim Wieder: Memories and Reassessments 8. The Holocaust Hermann Graebe: Slaughter of Jews in the Ukraine Rudolf Hoess: Commandant of Auschwitz Y. Pfeffer: Concentration Camp Life and Death 9. D-Day, June 6, 1944 Historical Division, War Department: Omaha Beachhead 10. Western Europe: The Dawn of a New Era 1. The Aftermath: Devastation and Demoralization Stephen Spender: European Witness 2. The Cold War Winston Churchill: The "Iron Curtain" 3. Communist Repression Milovan Djilas: The New Class Andor Heller: The Hungarian Revolution, 1956 4. Germany Confronts Its Past Hannah Vogt: The Burden of Guilt IV. The Contemporary World 11. The West in an Age of Globalism 1. The Collapse of Communism Vaclav Havel: The Failure of Communism 2. Globalization: Patterns and Problems Fareed Zakaria: "Democracy Has Its Dark Sides" 3. Radical Islamic Terrorism Abbas Amanat: "Empowered Through Violence: The Reinvention of Islamic Extremism" The Economist: "Martyrdom and Murder" 4. Enlargement of the European Union Bertie Ahern, "Enlargement Is About Opening Minds as Well as Borders"
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