Seeing Red: A Study in Consciousness (Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative)

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9780674030541: Seeing Red: A Study in Consciousness (Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative)

"Consciousness matters. Arguably it matters more than anything. The purpose of this book is to build towards an explanation of just what the matter is."

Nicholas Humphrey begins this compelling exploration of the biggest of big questions with a challenge to the reader, and himself. What's involved in "seeing red"? What is it like for us to see someone else seeing something red?

Seeing a red screen tells us a fact about something in the world. But it also creates a new fact--a sensation in each of our minds, the feeling of redness. And that's the mystery. Conventional science so far hasn't told us what conscious sensations are made of, or how we get access to them, or why we have them at all. From an evolutionary perspective, what's the point of consciousness?

Humphrey offers a daring and novel solution, arguing that sensationsare not things that happen to us, they are things we do--originating in our primordial ancestors' expressions of liking or disgust. Tracing the evolutionary trajectory through to human beings, he shows how this has led to sensations playing the key role in the human sense of Self.

The Self, as we now know it from within, seems to have fascinating other-worldly properties. It leads us to believe in mind-body duality and the existence of a soul. And such beliefs--even if mistaken--can be highly adaptive, because they increase the value we place on our own and others' lives.

"Consciousness matters," Humphrey concludes with striking paradox, "because it is its function to matter. It has been designed to create in human beings a Self whose life is worth pursuing."

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About the Author:

Nicholas Humphrey is School Professor in the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science at the London School of Economics.

Review:

Seeing Red is a brief, brilliant, and wonderfully lucid contribution to consciousness studies. By combining empirical scientific method, evolutionary theory, and a sensitive appreciation of the arts, Nicholas Humphrey argues plausibly that the "hard problem" of consciousness--the difficulty of explaining the connection between the material brain and the phenomenon of individual selfhood--may itself be the answer to a bigger question: what makes us human? (David Lodge, author of Consciousness and the Novel: Connected Essays)

This book is a wonderful amalgam of science, philosophy, and art. It is based on deep knowledge of visual processing by the brain and poetic understanding of human experience. This is a remarkable achievement. (Richard Gregory, Emeritus Professor of Neuropsychology at the University of Bristol and editor of The Oxford Companion to the Mind)

Illustrating his argument with the musings of poets and painters, Humphrey stylishly inspires curiosity about consciousness. (Gilbert Taylor Booklist 2006-03-15)

Deeply interesting. (Steven Poole The Guardian 2006-04-29)

Humphrey has published several graceful philosophical works on
consciousness, but none as intimate or compelling as Seeing Red...His sensitivity and intellectual probity make for magnificent debate. Seeing Red is a book to be savoured--ruminative, fluent and daring to the end. (Antonella Gambotto-Burke South China Morning Post 2006-05-14)

Since [the late 1960s], Humphrey has written extensively and insightfully about consciousness. His most recent work, a slim and elegant volume entitled Seeing Red, provides a charming, if brief, summary of his current views, blending themes culled from psychology, philosophy, and even art and poetry. It also offers intriguing speculations on the evolutionary function of consciousness...The strength of Humphrey's book lies in its skilful blending of ideas from varied sources to stimulate new ways of thinking about consciousness. In effectively doing so, while presenting a fascinating window on the thought of a distinguished consciousness researcher, Seeing Red is a wonderful success. (Josh Weisberg Nature)

"Consciousness is a fascinating but elusive phenomenon; it is impossible to specify what it is, what it does, or why it evolved. Nothing worth reading has ever been written about it," so wrote Stuart Sutherland that stalwart defender of scientific purity...In this delightful little book, Nicholas Humphrey turns the tables by arguing that fascination and elusiveness is the whole point of consciousness...The book is based on a series of lectures Humphrey gave at Harvard in 2004, and has been meticulously edited and updated. It's short--in fact can be read at one sitting--but packs a lot in...The story is both appealing and valuable. (Chris Nunn Journal of Consciousness Studies)

Humphrey's latest book, a sequel to his 1992 book, A History of the Mind, is based on a series of lectures he gave at Harvard in 2004 to the Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative Distinguished Lecture Series, and is written in a style intended to re-create as nearly as possible the informal give-and-take of those lectures, in which the audience sat bathed for much of the time in the intense red light reflected from a giant screen behind the lecturer. It is very much Humphrey's purpose to get readers to set aside what they think they know about seeing red and to experience seeing red anew, so they can reflect on their experience and not just on some remembered or imagined episode of seeing red in the past. He is attempting to resurrect and sharpen a suitably hard-to-credit claim made by the brilliant 18th century Scots philosopher Thomas Reid: our mind--our brains--are equipped with two very different and surprisingly independent "provinces," or systems, sensation and perception, and contrary to all appearances, it is not the case that sensation provides the raw material out of which perceptions are then refined...There is no doubt that his methods have already made a large contribution to our understanding of consciousness. In fact, a price he pays for his impressionistic methods is that he influences other thinkers almost subliminally; more than a few theorists have absorbed major elements of his message and then innocently reworked them and presented them as their own pet ideas. If that is a projectible pattern, we can anticipate that this book will be regarded as a somewhat eccentric and dismissible foray by many whose own work will subsequently bear the stamp of his thinking, whether they realize it or not. Among philosophers, unwitting reinvention rivals denunciation as candidates for the sincerest form of flattery, and by those measures, Humphrey has had more than his share of deserved accolades. (Daniel C. Dennett Brain 2007-01-01)

There are few scientists who think so originally, provoke so consistently or write so elegantly as Humphrey. Seeing Red...is a wonderful introduction to his iconoclastic thinking...Seeing Red is less about what consciousness is than about how we might go about thinking about it. And for that there are few better guides than Nicholas Humphrey. (Kenan Malik Sunday Telegraph 2006-07-23)

[Seeing Red is] a collection of small and unexpectedly lucid thought experiments on a topic that has universal appeal...Humphrey provides a refreshing take on this ancient topic...One of the key merits of Seeing Red is its multi-disciplinary approach to defining something that has eluded definition for centuries. Humphrey draws upon philosophy, art, and psychology in turn, producing a holistic narrative that almost seems a microcosm of human experience. And this is part of Humphrey's particular gift: he demonstrates a poetic understanding of the human psyche, its desires and insecurities...[This is] a book that is, above all, written for the sake of asking questions rather than answering them. (Nancy Yang Harvard Book Review 2006-05-01)

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Book Description HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS, United States, 2008. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Language: English . Brand New Book. Consciousness matters. Arguably it matters more than anything. The purpose of this book is to build towards an explanation of just what the matter is. Nicholas Humphrey begins this compelling exploration of the biggest of big questions with a challenge to the reader, and himself. What s involved in seeing red ? What is it like for us to see someone else seeing something red? Seeing a red screen tells us a fact about something in the world. But it also creates a new fact--a sensation in each of our minds, the feeling of redness. And that s the mystery. Conventional science so far hasn t told us what conscious sensations are made of, or how we get access to them, or why we have them at all. From an evolutionary perspective, what s the point of consciousness? Humphrey offers a daring and novel solution, arguing that sensationsare not things that happen to us, they are things we do--originating in our primordial ancestors expressions of liking or disgust. Tracing the evolutionary trajectory through to human beings, he shows how this has led to sensations playing the key role in the human sense of Self. The Self, as we now know it from within, seems to have fascinating other-worldly properties. It leads us to believe in mind-body duality and the existence of a soul. And such beliefs--even if mistaken--can be highly adaptive, because they increase the value we place on our own and others lives. Consciousness matters, Humphrey concludes with striking paradox, because it is its function to matter. It has been designed to create in human beings a Self whose life is worth pursuing. Bookseller Inventory # AAH9780674030541

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