Oh, those lawyers!
The legal profession in fact, the legal system certainly has a poor reputation in the United States. Proposed remedies, however, rarely go as deep as the ethics of the system. America's judicial system should not be a game that anyone can win, regardless of actual guilt or liability. Ted Kubicek, JD, describes the problems and proposes solutions. Above all, he condemns the adversary system of justice which is used to evade the truth and which makes winning the paramount goal.
Dr. Kubicek postulates that the attorney-client privilege of communication makes the truth more difficult, even impossible, to determine. The adversary system goes hand in hand with the privilege of communication since neither can exist without the other.
He advocates moving instead to an inquisitorial system, in which truth is the goal of both parties, not just of the party that would gain thereby. He then shows how the elimination of adversaryism would automatically remedy other problems endemic to the system of justice, too, such as the passiveness of trial judges and juries.
Scrapping the adversary system would abolish trial and pretrial procedures and evidentiary rules that confuse law enforcement and trial participants alike. Criminal verdicts would not then depend upon confusing evidentiary or technical matters having no connection to the guilt or innocence of the accused.
This book is intended to encourage the legal profession, the judiciary, and the organized bar to remedy America's counter-productive judicial procedures. The argument will also interest anyone who has ever had to go to trial.
"Kubicek here attacks the American adversarial system of criminal justice as a system that allows too many of the guilty to escape unpunished and urges the adoption of an inquisitorial system in which all parties are enjoined to seek the truth, thus eliminating what he sees as the contradiction between attorney's duties to serve as a zealous advocate and their duties as officers of the court. Other recommendations include eliminating attorney-client privilege, eliminating exclusionary rules concerning illegally obtained evidence, and putting voir dire and jury selection entirely in the hands of judges."
"synopsis" may belong to another edition of this title.
Ted Kubicek, JD, practiced law for thirty-nine years.
He has served as CEO of a Savings and Loan, as an adjunct legal assistant teacher at a community college, a tutor for GED students, a Fellow of the American College of Probate Counsel, and an arbitrator. He has authored many articles for publications including:
You and Your Estate (1988), and
Your Worldly Possessions, A Complete Guide to Preserving, Passing on, and Inheriting Property (1992).
Dr. Kubicek received his JD degree cum laude, having served as one of four editors of the Iowa Law Review.
Iowa lawyer Ted Kubicek, a seasoned veteran of legal warfare, though mostly in probate, has written an interesting book, Adversarial Justice: America's Court System on Trial, about the defects in the American system of adversarial justice. That system, as most lawyers and many of their clients know, puts a premium on winning and sees the pursuit of justice as a contest involving warriors leading the charge on each side.
The original goal of the adversarial ideal rested in the notion that each side should have a chance to present the strengths of its own case as well as the weaknesses of the opposition. Lofty as that goal may be in theory, it has degenerated too often into legal gamesmanship in tricks of discovery and trial tactics that weaken the prospects of getting to the truth.
As Dr. Kubicek's many quoted authorities note throughout the book, the adversarial system puts too much emphasis on zeal for the client and too little on presenting truth to the court. The author joins others in suggesting that lawyers ethics might well be revised to place primary emphasis on a duty to the court and only a secondary duty to the client.
The book... emphasiz[es] the agreement among legal scholars that something needs to be done to restore truth-seeking to the adversary process.
The concluding chapter fleshes out the author s suggestions for change, none of which is especially new but each of which deserve serious attention by those overseeing this system before arbitration and mediation render the adversarial trial a dinosaur. The 200-page text is easily readable and might serve well in a paralegal course or as a companion volume in a legal ethics course in law school.----Rudolph J. Gerber, retired appellate judge, Arizona Court of Appeals
I was especially impressed by the way that he took the words and writings of others and were able to lead into them without appearing to be repetitious. The average person would have used such terms as he said, thought, felt, wrote, explain, etc. Dr. Kubicek must have spent a great deal of time in selecting interesting and unique ways in making the bridges in the material.
I can't imagine how many hours must have been spent in research and writing but every minute was well paid for by the results. All I can say is: well done, great job, very professional, a credit to the legal profession. The author's recommendations deserve to be implemented.
Dr. Kubicek has every right to be proud of his publication. I am delighted to have it on my bookshelf!----Dr. Louis C. Jurgensen, Professor Emeritus, University of South Florida
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