This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1906. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER II CLOTHING There is no single factor so inimical to growth, strength and comfort in childhood as the lowering of bodily temperature below the normal limit. For a child to be continually cold through inadequate or wet clothing means often extreme weakness and depression, pallor, loss of appetite, catarrhal troubles of nose, throat and chest, and many times of bowels as well, and frequent attacks of colic. Since a child's proportion of body surface to weight and bulk is greater than in the adult, it is not surprising that the loss of heat through radiation is more rapid and that the child is chilled in cool weather in the same proportional amount of clothing that would keep an adult warm. When to this is added the chill which in the case of a young child 10 comes through wetting the diapers, however often they are changed, it will be readily seen that a child's clothing requires special attention. The amount of clothing prescribed by many writers and generally adopted by mothers is insufficient for an adult; it is lamentably insufficient for any child kept in a room of normal temperature (65 F.) with good ventilation. A low-necked, sleeveless diaper band, a light-weight shirt and a sleeveless low-necked flannel petticoat are often the only protection the infant's upper body has, since no one can be so foolish as to impute warmth-giving qualities to a bit of muslin in the shape of gown or petticoat. The child's arms are protected solely by the shirt sleeves. For the lower part of the body there are diapers and a loose flannel petticoat, with, in some cases, knit socks. I have seen infants so dressed screaming with colic, their hands and legs blue with cold. When I insisted on more clothing I have been met with the statement that the infant has on al...
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