POSIX.4 Programmers Guide: Programming for the Real World

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9781565920743: POSIX.4 Programmers Guide: Programming for the Real World
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What's "real-world programming"?Real-world programming (typically called real-time programming) is programming that interacts in some way with the "real world" of daily life. At one time, real-time systems were confined to very esoteric applications, like rocket guidance systems. Now, they play a role in almost every aspect of life: they control the brakes on your car, video games, automatic bank tellers -- and the disk drive in your computer. It won't be long before mundane devices like toasters and hair dryers have microprocessors built in, to say nothing of multimedia devices that haven't even been invented yet.Real-world applications are characterized by deadlines. If the brake processor in your car doesn't meet a deadline, your car doesn't stop; if your video game doesn't meet a deadline, the Klingons don't die when you shoot them; if your ATM doesn't meet a deadline, you may start looking for another bank. When you've just rear-ended another car, it's no consolation that a sudden flurry of input slowed down your brake processor, so it couldn't react quickly enough when you hit the pedal.This book covers the POSIX.4 standard for portable real-time programming. The POSIX.4 standard itself is a massive document that defines system interfaces for asynchronous I/O, scheduling, communications, and other facilities. However, this book does more than explain the standard. It provides a general introduction to real-time programming and real-time issues: the problems software faces when it needs to interact with the real world and how to solve them. And, unlike most books about standards, this one isn't just readable -- it's enjoyable! If you're at all interested in real-time applications -- which include just about everything from telemetry to transaction processing -- this book will be an essential reference.Chapters include:

  • The Basics of Real-Time: Multiple Tasks
  • Better Coordination: Messages, Shared Memory, and Synchronization
  • On Time: Scheduling, Time, and Memory Locking
  • I/O for the Real World
Includes programming exercises, solutions, and reference manual pages.

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From the Back Cover:

Real-world programming (more typically called real-time programming) interacts with the "real world" of daily life in some way. Real-world programmers develop the unseen software that runs everything from the brakes in your car to your VCR. This software is typically characterized by deadlines - and harsh penalties if the deadlines aren't met. If the brake processor in your car doesn't meet a deadline, your car doesn't stop; if your ATM doesn't meet a deadline, you may start looking for another bank. When you've just rear-ended another car, it's no consolation that a sudden flurry of input slowed down your brake processor, so it couldn't react quickly enough when you hit the pedal. This book covers the POSIX.4 standard for portable real-time programming. But it goes well beyond a simple replication of the standard. It provides a general introduction to real-time programming and real-time issues: the problems software faces when it needs to interact with the real world, and how to solve them. If you're at all interested in real-time applications - which includes just about everything from telemetry to transaction processing - this book will be an essential reference.|Real-world programming (more typically called real-time programming) interacts with the "real world" of daily life in some way. Real-world programmers develop the unseen software that runs everything from the brakes in your car to your VCR. This software is typically characterized by deadlines - and harsh penalties if the deadlines aren't met. If the brake processor in your car doesn't meet a deadline, your car doesn't stop; if your ATM doesn't meet a deadline, you may start looking for another bank. When you've just rear-ended another car, it's no consolation that a sudden flurry of input slowed down your brake processor, so it couldn't react quickly enough when you hit the pedal. This book covers the POSIX.4 standard for portable real-time programming. But it goes well beyond a simple replication of the standard. It provides a general introduction to real-time programming and real-time issues: the problems software faces when it needs to interact with the real world, and how to solve them. If you're at all interested in real-time applications - which includes just about everything from telemetry to transaction processing - this book will be an essential reference.

About the Author:

Bill O. Gallmeister has been writing operating system software for an alarming number of years. Initially trained in BSD code at Valid Logic Systems and Sun Microsystems, he was briefly exposed to System V, an experience which drove him screaming into the dank wilderness of real-time. At Lynx Real-Time Systems, he developed the first complete implementation of POSIX.4 and POSIX.4a threads. During this time, he was vice-chair of POSIX.4. Following this adventure, he took another look at the current state-of-the art in UNIX systems. This caused him to head for the multimedia frontier. He can now be found at First Virtual Corporation, doing high-velocity file system work for a networked monster multimedia machine. Bill earned his bachelor's in computer science at UC Santa Barbara, which entitles him to work barefoot. He earned his master's in computer science at Chapel Hill, which entitles him to use large words like "avuncular." When not occupied in programming, Bill engages in activites typical of BWGs (see preface) in Silicon Valley: hanging out with his wife and son, drinking expensive coffee drinks, cooking and eating strange foreign foods, reading, watching bad science fiction movies, and riding his bike around the hills above Los Gatos. His email address is bog@fvc.com.

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