Cybernetics: The Macy Conferences 1946-1953. The Complete Transactions

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9783037345986: Cybernetics: The Macy Conferences 1946-1953. The Complete Transactions

Between 1946 and 1953, the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation sponsored a series of conferences aiming to bring together a diverse, interdisciplinary community of scholars and researchers who would join forces to lay the groundwork for the new science of cybernetics. These conferences, known as the Macy conferences, constituted a landmark for the field. They were the first to grapple with new terms such as information and feedback and to develop a cohesive and broadly applicable theory of systems that would become equally applicable to living beings and machines, economic and cognitive processes, and many scholarly disciplines. The concepts that emerged from the conferences come to permeate thinking in many fields, including biology, neurology, sociology, ecology, economics, politics, psychoanalysis, linguistics, and computer science.

This book contains the complete transcripts of all ten Macy conferences and the guidelines for the conference proceedings. These transcripts are supplemented with an introduction by Claus Pias that charts the significance of the Macy conferences to the history of science.

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About the Author:

Claus Pias is professor of the history and epistemology of media at the Leuphana University of Lüneburg, where he directs the Institute for Advanced Study in Media Cultures of Computer Simulation, the Centre for Digital Cultures, and the Digital Cultures Research Lab.

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Book Description Diaphanes Verlag Mrz 2016, 2016. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. Neuware - Claus Pias ist Professor für Mediengeschichte und Medientheorie an der Leuphana Universität Lüneburg. Zuvor lehrte er in Weimar, Bochum, Essen und Wien. Seine Forschungsschwerpunkte sind Technikgeschichte und Medientheorie. 736 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783037345986

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Book Description Diaphanes Verlag Mrz 2016, 2016. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. Neuware - 9 Editorial Note (Claus Pias) 11 - 26 The Age of Cybernetics (Claus Pias) 28 1949. Participants 29 - 40 Introductory Discussion 41 - 65 The Psychological Moment in Perception (John Stroud) 66 - 97 The Neurotic Potential and Human Adaptation (Lawrence S. Kubie) 98 - 121 Quantum Mechanical Theory of Memory (Heinz von Foerster) 122 - 159 Possible Mechanisms of Recall and Recognition 160 - 162 Sensory Prosthesises (Norbert Wiener) 163 - 164 References (1949) 166 1950. Participants 167 - 168 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1950) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 169 Introductory Remarks (Warren S. McCulloch) 171 - 202 Some of the Problems Concerning Digital Notions in the Central Nervous System (Ralph W. Gerard) 203 - 247 The Manner in Which and Extent to Which Speech Can Be Distorted and Remain Intelligible (J.C.R. Licklider) 248 - 272 The Redundancy of English (Claude E. Shannon) 273 - 290 Experience in Learning Primitive Languages Through the Use of Learning High Level Linguistic Abstractions (Margaret Mead) 291 - 302 On the Development of Word Meanings (Heinz Werner) 303 - 306 The Development of Language in Early Childhood (John Stroud) 307 - 325 The Relationship of Symbolic Function in Language Formation and in Neurosis (Lawrence S. Kubie) 326 - 334 Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language (Lawrence S. Kubie) 335 Appendix II: References (1950) 338 1951. Participants 339 - 340 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1951) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 341 - 348 A Note by the Editors (1951) (Margaret Mead, Hans Lukas Teuber, Heinz von Foerster) 349 - 381 Communication Patterns in Problem-Solving Groups (Alex Bavelas) 382 - 415 Communication Between Men (Ivor A. Richards) 416 - 445 Communication Between Sane and Insane (Lawrence S. Kubie) 446 - 473 Communication Between Animals (Herbert G. Birch) 474 - 479 Presentation of a Maze-Solving Machine (Claude E. Shannon) 480 - 509 In Search of Basic Symbols (Donald M. MacKay) 511 - 523 Appendix I: The Nomenclature of Information Theory (Donald M. MacKay) 525 - 528 Appendix II: References (1951) 530 1952. Participants 531 - 532 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1952) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 533 - 540 A Note by the Editors (1952) (Margaret Mead, Hans Lukas Teuber, Heinz von Foerster) 541 - 574 The Position of Humor in Human Communication (Gregory Bateson) 575 - 592 The Place of Emotions in the Feedback Concept (Lawrence S. Kubie) 593 - 619 Homeostasis (W. Ross Ashby) 620 - 628 Discrimination and Learning in Octopus (J.Z. Young) 629 - 633 Reduction of the Number of Possible Boolean Functions (John R. Bowman) 634 - 650 Central Excitation and Inhibition (Ralph W. Gerard) 651 - 653 Mechanical Chess Player (W. Ross Ashby) 654 - 656 Turbulence as Random Stimulation of Sense Organs (G. Evelyn Hutchinson) 657 - 665 Investigations on Synaptic Transmission (Walter Pitts) 666 - 676 Feedback Mechanism in Cellular Biology (Henry Quastler) 677 - 679 Appendix I: References (1952) 682 1953. Participants 683 Foreword (Frank Fremont-Smith) 685 - 686 The Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1953) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 687 - 688 Introductory Remarks (Warren S. McCulloch) 689 - 696 Studies on Activity of the Brain (W. Grey-Walter) 697 - 706 Semantic Information and its Measures (Yehoshua Bar-Hillel) 707 - 718 Meaning in Language and How it is Acquired (Yuen Ren Chao) 719 - 725 Appendix I: Summary of the Points of Agreement Reached in the Previous Nine Conferences on Cybernetics (Warren S. McCulloch) 727 - 728 Appendix II: References (1953) 729 - 734 Index 734 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783037345986

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Book Description Diaphanes Verlag Mrz 2016, 2016. Taschenbuch. Book Condition: Neu. Neuware - 9 Editorial Note (Claus Pias) 11 - 26 The Age of Cybernetics (Claus Pias) 28 1949. Participants 29 - 40 Introductory Discussion 41 - 65 The Psychological Moment in Perception (John Stroud) 66 - 97 The Neurotic Potential and Human Adaptation (Lawrence S. Kubie) 98 - 121 Quantum Mechanical Theory of Memory (Heinz von Foerster) 122 - 159 Possible Mechanisms of Recall and Recognition 160 - 162 Sensory Prosthesises (Norbert Wiener) 163 - 164 References (1949) 166 1950. Participants 167 - 168 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1950) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 169 Introductory Remarks (Warren S. McCulloch) 171 - 202 Some of the Problems Concerning Digital Notions in the Central Nervous System (Ralph W. Gerard) 203 - 247 The Manner in Which and Extent to Which Speech Can Be Distorted and Remain Intelligible (J.C.R. Licklider) 248 - 272 The Redundancy of English (Claude E. Shannon) 273 - 290 Experience in Learning Primitive Languages Through the Use of Learning High Level Linguistic Abstractions (Margaret Mead) 291 - 302 On the Development of Word Meanings (Heinz Werner) 303 - 306 The Development of Language in Early Childhood (John Stroud) 307 - 325 The Relationship of Symbolic Function in Language Formation and in Neurosis (Lawrence S. Kubie) 326 - 334 Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language (Lawrence S. Kubie) 335 Appendix II: References (1950) 338 1951. Participants 339 - 340 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1951) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 341 - 348 A Note by the Editors (1951) (Margaret Mead, Hans Lukas Teuber, Heinz von Foerster) 349 - 381 Communication Patterns in Problem-Solving Groups (Alex Bavelas) 382 - 415 Communication Between Men (Ivor A. Richards) 416 - 445 Communication Between Sane and Insane (Lawrence S. Kubie) 446 - 473 Communication Between Animals (Herbert G. Birch) 474 - 479 Presentation of a Maze-Solving Machine (Claude E. Shannon) 480 - 509 In Search of Basic Symbols (Donald M. MacKay) 511 - 523 Appendix I: The Nomenclature of Information Theory (Donald M. MacKay) 525 - 528 Appendix II: References (1951) 530 1952. Participants 531 - 532 Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1952) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 533 - 540 A Note by the Editors (1952) (Margaret Mead, Hans Lukas Teuber, Heinz von Foerster) 541 - 574 The Position of Humor in Human Communication (Gregory Bateson) 575 - 592 The Place of Emotions in the Feedback Concept (Lawrence S. Kubie) 593 - 619 Homeostasis (W. Ross Ashby) 620 - 628 Discrimination and Learning in Octopus (J.Z. Young) 629 - 633 Reduction of the Number of Possible Boolean Functions (John R. Bowman) 634 - 650 Central Excitation and Inhibition (Ralph W. Gerard) 651 - 653 Mechanical Chess Player (W. Ross Ashby) 654 - 656 Turbulence as Random Stimulation of Sense Organs (G. Evelyn Hutchinson) 657 - 665 Investigations on Synaptic Transmission (Walter Pitts) 666 - 676 Feedback Mechanism in Cellular Biology (Henry Quastler) 677 - 679 Appendix I: References (1952) 682 1953. Participants 683 Foreword (Frank Fremont-Smith) 685 - 686 The Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation Conference Program (1953) (Frank Fremont-Smith) 687 - 688 Introductory Remarks (Warren S. McCulloch) 689 - 696 Studies on Activity of the Brain (W. Grey-Walter) 697 - 706 Semantic Information and its Measures (Yehoshua Bar-Hillel) 707 - 718 Meaning in Language and How it is Acquired (Yuen Ren Chao) 719 - 725 Appendix I: Summary of the Points of Agreement Reached in the Previous Nine Conferences on Cybernetics (Warren S. McCulloch) 727 - 728 Appendix II: References (1953) 729 - 734 Index 734 pp. Englisch. Bookseller Inventory # 9783037345986

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Book Description Diaphanes AG, Switzerland, 2016. Paperback. Book Condition: New. Revised ed.. Language: English . Brand New Book. Between 1946 and 1953, the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation sponsored a series of conferences aiming to bring together a diverse, interdisciplinary community of scholars and researchers who would join forces to lay the groundwork for the new science of cybernetics. These conferences, known as the Macy conferences, constituted a landmark for the field. They were the first to grapple with new terms such as information and feedback and to develop a cohesive and broadly applicable theory of systems that would become equally applicable to living beings and machines, economic and cognitive processes, and many scholarly disciplines. The concepts that emerged from the conferences come to permeate thinking in many fields, including biology, neurology, sociology, ecology, economics, politics, psychoanalysis, linguistics, and computer science. This book contains the complete transcripts of all ten Macy conferences and the guidelines for the conference proceedings. These transcripts are supplemented with an introduction by Claus Pias that charts the significance of the Macy conferences to the history of science. Bookseller Inventory # AAS9783037345986

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