Lyons, Jacob Juda; Jacques Judah)

Published by Paramaribo, The Nederlandsche Israelitische Gemeente 1836-37, 1836
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Original heavy rag paper. Collection consists of a 5"x 12" strip of 12 attached printed monthly coupons for the 12 months of 1837, each with what is presumably Lyons account nr (46) and with his name (Jacob Juda Lyons) and amount of contribution filled in, and a signature of of the treasurer at the bottom. Along the long edge of the strip of 12 coupons (clipped, perhaps removed from an accounts ledger as receipts) is printed in large font: "Bijdrage Ten Behoeve van het Armwezen der Nederlandsche Israelitische Gemeente" [Contribution to the Almsfund of the Dutch Jewish Community]. Also present is a separate coupon for February 1836, larger in size (8"x3") but with the same basic content, as well as a larger (7.5"x6") certificate dated 5597 (1837) from the AARME-KAS der Nederlandsche Israelitische Hoofd-Sijnagoge, [Charity Bureau of the Dutch Jewish Main Synagogue] in Suriname, documenting Lyons' contribution of 32.50 Guilders for what appears to be his membership (?) in the Synagogue as well as his offering. Lyons [his name more commonly written as Jacques Judah Lyons] (1813–1877) "was born in Surinam, Dutch Guiana on Menahem 25, 5573 (August 25, 1813). His parents, Judah Eleazar and Mary Asser Lyons, had emigrated to Surinam from Philadelphia in the early 1800s.Jacques began his career as a hazan in Surinam in Congregation Nevie Shalom, a synagogue founded by Spanish-Portuguese Jews. In 1836 he left for Philadelphia, his parents' home state, and was hired within a few months by Congregation Beth Shalome of Richmond, Virginia. He served Beth Shalome for two years, winning the high esteem of the congregation. In 1839, following the death of Rev. Isaac B. Mendez Seixas, he was elected Seixas' successor as minister of Congregation Shearith Israel of New York City. He married Grace Nathan, daughter of Seixas Nathan and Sarah Mendes Seixas in 1842. Jacques and Grace were blessed with three children: Julius J., Sarah, and Alfred. During his thirty-eight years of ministry, he became highly active in Jewish welfare and advocating Orthodox Judaism. He served as superintendent of the Shearith Israel's school, Polonies Talmud Torah; president of its benevolent society, Hebra Hased va-Emet; director of the Sampson Simson Jewish Seminary and Scientific Institute; and one of the founders of Jews Hospital, later renamed The Mount Sinai Hospital.In 1854, Jacques and Rabbi Abraham de Sola of Montreal collaborated in writing A Jewish Calendar for Fifty Years, a book that contained a comprehensive Jewish calendar, an essay on the Jewish calendar system, as well as historical information concerning Jewish communities in the United States, Canada, and the West Indies. Prior to 1861, and continuing to the end of his life, Jacques painstakingly gathered sources and information on United States Jewish history in the hopes of publishing his findings.Jacques died at the age of sixty-three on Elul 4, 5638, shortly before Rosh Hashanah (August 15, 1877). His funeral services were held on August 15, 1877 in Shearith Israel, and were conducted by his successor Rev. Dr. Henry Pereira Mendes, Rev. Dr. Abraham De Sola of Montreal, Rev. Samuel M. Isaacs of Congregations Shaarai Tefilla of New York, and Rev. Sabato Morais of Congregation Mikve Israel of Philadelphia. His niece through marriage, Emma Lazarus, wrote the poem "Rosh Hashanah, 5638" in his memory" (SocialArchive, 2015). From the collection of Rabbi David de Sola Pool, who, like Lyons, was also (later) a Rabbi at Shearith Israel and who authored the congregation's history, "An Old Faith in the New World: Portrait of Shearith Israel 1654-1954," which contains much about Lyons. Very Good Condition (KH-3-24) (ID# 36078). Bookseller Inventory # 36078

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Bibliographic Details


Publisher: Paramaribo, The Nederlandsche Israelitische Gemeente 1836-37

Publication Date: 1836

Binding: Loose sheets

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