Logic and Structure (Universitext)

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9780387578392: Logic and Structure (Universitext)

A book which efficiently presents the basics of propositional and predicate logic, van Dalen's popular textbook contains a complete treatment classical logic on the basis of Gentzen's Natural Deduction and the traditional two-valued semantics, culminating in the completeness theorems. The first chapter, containing a leisured treatment of propostional logic, is followed by an equally elaborate chapter on predicate logic. On the basis of the material of the first of two chapters the completeness theorem is established and an excursion is made into model theory. The main facts of model theory, e.g. compactness, Skolem-Loewenheim, elementary equivalence, non-standard models, quantified elimination and Skolem functions are covered in chapter Three. The exposition of classical logic is rounded off with a concise exposition of second-order logic. In view of the growing recognition of constructive methods and principles, one chapter is devoted to intuitionistic logic. This chapter contains a completeness proof for Kripke's semantics and a number of specific constructive features have been incorporated, e.g. a study of equality and apartness the disjunction and existence property, the Goedel translation. A new chapter has been added at the end of this edition, with the basics of the proof theory of natural deduction; derivations are studued for their own sake and weak normalisation is proved. A choise of exercises is added ranging from simple applications of the definitions to more sophisticated problems.

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From the Back Cover:

A book which efficiently presents the basics of propositional and predicate logic, van Dalen’s popular textbook contains a complete treatment of elementary classical logic, using Gentzen’s Natural Deduction. Propositional and predicate logic are treated in separate chapters in a leisured but precise way. Chapter Three presents the basic facts of model theory, e.g. compactness, Skolem-Löwenheim, elementary equivalence, non-standard models, quantifier elimination, and Skolem functions. The discussion of classical logic is rounded off with a concise exposition of second-order logic. In view of the growing recognition of constructive methods and principles, one chapter is devoted to intuitionistic logic. Completeness is established for Kripke semantics. A number of specific constructive features, such as apartness and equality, the Gödel translation, the disjunction and existence property have been incorporated. The power and elegance of natural deduction is demonstrated best in the part of proof theory called `cut-elimination' or `normalization'. Chapter 6 is devoted to this topic; it contains the basic facts on the structure of derivations, both classically and intuitionistically. Finally, this edition contains a new chapter on Gödel's first incompleteness theorem. The chapter is self-contained, it provides a systematic exposition of primitive recursion and partial recursive functions, recursive by enumerable sets, and recursive separability. The arithmetization of Peano's arithmetic is based on the natural deduction system.

About the Author:

Dirk van Dalen studied at the University of Amsterdam, where he obtained his Ph.D. . He has taught since 1960 at Utrecht University, where he is full professor. He also taught at M.I.T. and Oxford. His technical work is mostly in the area of intuitionistic mathematics and logic. He uses to call attention to the benefits and challenges of constructive methods. His current project is a biography of L.E.J. Brouwer and the editing of Brouwer's correspondence.

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Dalen Dirk Van
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Van Dalen, Dirk
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